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Artocarpus hispidus


Artocarpus hispidus jarrett

Family Name: Moraceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 20 m


Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree up to 20 m tall. Its twigs and leaf stalks are densely covered with stiff, coarse hairs
Foliage Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have rather leathery leaf blades that are oval to drop-shaped, and 6–23 by 2.5–10 cm. Its leaf parts also exude white latex when damaged
Flowers The species is monoecious, bearing both male and female flowers on the same plant. Its flowering clusters (heads) are found singly or in pairs at leaf axils. Its male flower heads are yellow, obovoid, and up to 3 by 2 cm
Fruits Its fruiting cluster (infructescence) is rather rounded, up to 5.5 cm wide, and covered with the short, cylindrical tips of the non-reproductive, outer floral parts (perianths). The cluster also ripens from greenish-yellow to dull-orange, and bears ellipsoid fruits that are up to 1.3 cm long each.
Habitat It grows in lowland evergreen forests up 350 m altitude. It occurs locally in Nee Soon Swamp Forest
Associated Fauna Its fruits are eaten by tree-living mammals such as civet cats, monkeys, and squirrels.

Landscaping Features

Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Well-Drained Soils

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Brown, Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange

Image Repository



Master ID 31036
Species ID 5423
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 05 August 2022.