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Capsicum baccatum 'Lemon Drop'


Capsicum baccatum 'Lemon Drop'

Family Name: Solanaceae
Common Name: Lemon Drop Chili, Hot Lemon

This upright, highly branched chili cultivar from Peru is popular for its bright yellow, conical chilis which have a spicy, lemony flavour.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Shrubby

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Perennial shrub with erect and branched growth form.
Foliage Ovate-lanceolate leaves are usually solitary and sparsely covered in tiny hairs.
Flowers White flowers with light green markings are bell-shaped (0.6 cm wide).
Fruit Bright yellow, cone-shaped fruit is intensely spicy and citrus-flavoured. Each fruit contains 15 or less cream-coloured seeds and is about 7 cm long and 1-2 cm wide.
Similar Lemon Drop and Habanero chilis both have a lemon-like flavour, but Lemon Drop is much less spicy, having 15,000-30,000 Scoville Heat Units (a measure of a chili's spiciness) compared to Habaneros' 100,000-350,000 Scoville Heat Units.
Cultivation This cultivar originates from Peru and tolerates cool nights. It bears fruit 90-100 days from transplanting.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits
Food (Herb and Spice): The chilis have a spicy, citrus-like flavour.

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Thin
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green
Young Flush Texture(s) Smooth, Thin
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate, Ovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse, Cuneate
Typical Foliar Area Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White, Green - Light Green
Flower Texture(s) Hairy / Hirsute
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Campaulate / Bell-shaped
Flower Size 0.6 cm

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Wrinkled, Glossy / Shiny
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Several (11-20)

Image Repository



Master ID 34059
Species ID 8475
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 03 June 2021.