Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website

Nephrolepis falcata


Nephrolepis falcata (Cav.)C.Chr.

Family Name: Nephrolepidaceae
Synonyms: Nephrolepis gibbosum, Nephrolepis gibbosa, Nephrolepis biserratum var. furcans, Nephrolepis falcata 'Furcans', Nephrolepis biserrata 'Furcans', Nephrolepis falcata, Nephrolepis biserrata var. furcans, Nephrolepis falcata f. furcans
Common Name: Fish-Tail Fern, Fishtail Sword Fern, Weeping Sword Fern, 镰叶肾蕨


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Ferns & Allies (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Fern)
Plant Growth Form Epiphyte, Creeper
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Sub-erect fern, with drooping fronds, can grow up to 50 - 90 cm tall and 45 - 60 cm wide.
Foliage Light green fronds, measuring about 80 - 150 cm long and 5 - 10 cm wide, stipe measuring about 10 - 25 cm long, most pinnae with central division to give 2 short tips and giving a "fish tail appearance".
Reproductive Parts - non-flowering plant Sori round and arranged submarginal, indusia kidney-shaped with narrow sinus. 
Etymology Genus Nephrolepis means "kidney-scale" and refers to the shape of the indusia of the sori. Species falcata means "with sickle-shaped leaves".

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast to Moderate
Propagation Method Spore, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Image Repository



Master ID 259
Species ID 1555
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 19 April 2022.