Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Ormosia bancana (Miq.) Merr.

Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Full Sun Moderate Water Native to Singapore Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular


Native Distribution Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree up to 24 m tall.
Foliage Its stalked, pinnate leaves are up to 20.3 cm long, with 8–13 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Its leathery leaflet blades are oblong-elliptic, glossy green above, covered thinly with golden velvety hair below, and 5–6.3 by 1.5–1.7 cm. Its midrib is always covered with golden velvety hair below. Its secondary veins are faint.
Flowers Its flowers are white, 9 mm long, and grow on flowering shoots that are up to about 10 cm long.
Fruits Its fruits are round or oblong, greyish-black, thinly woody, and 2.5–3.8 by 1.7 cm. Each fruit contains 1–3 red seeds that are about 7.6 by 6.3 mm.
Habitat It grows in forests and along rivers. It occurs locally in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Mandai Forest, Nee Soon Swamp Forest, and the vicinity of MacRitchie Reservoir.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed.
Etymology Greek Ormosia, necklace; bancana, from Bangka Island, referring to one locality in the natural distribution of this species
Ethnobotanical Uses Timber & Products ( It is a source of timber.)

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Black, Silver / Grey


References Burkill, I. H. 1966. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Volumes I & II. Kuala Lumpur: Governments of Malaysia and Singapore. 2444

Corner, E.J.H. 1988. Wayside Trees of Malaya Volume 1 & 2. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The Malayan Nature Society. 861

Image Repository



Master ID 30192
Species ID 4501
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 10 August 2022.