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Research & related resources




Book and Reports

Chen, J., & Wong, K.M. (2023). Timonius in Borneo . Natural History Publications (Borneo) in association with National Parks Board Singapore.


Khoo, E., Barstow, M., Maycock, C., Bodos, V., Chong, K.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Cicuzza, D., Deepu, S., Dhyani, A., Divina, A.N., Eduarte, G.T., Evangelista, V.M., Ganesan, S.K., Gibe, R.C., Gunatilleke, N., Gunatillke, S., Haji Berudin, Z., Hamidi, A., Hoo, P.K., Jimbo, T., Juiling, S., Kusuma, Y.W.C., Kusumadewi, Y., Ling, C.Y., Lim, R.C.J., Lua, H.K., Magbuo, J.M.P., Malabrigo Jr., P.L., Majapun, R., Maryani, A., Ng, X.Y., Nilus, R., Pereira, J.T., Sang, J., Rachmat, H.H., Ranasinghe, S., Randi, A., Robiansyah, I., Solatre, J.S., Strijk, J.S., Sugau, J.B., Tang, J.W., Tanggaraju, S., Tating, M.M.B., Tobias, A.B., Tsen S., Umali, A.G.A, Velautham, E., Xiao, Y.X., Yong, W., & Yu, W.B. (2022). The Red List of Dipterocarpaceae. Botanic Gardens Conservation International.


Khoo, E., Barstow, M., Maycock, C., Bodos, V., Chong, K.Y., Chua, L.S.L., Cicuzza, D., Deepu, S., Dhyani, A., Divina, A.N., Eduarte, G.T., Evangelista, V.M., Ganesan, S.K., Gibe, R.C., Gunatilleke, N., Gunatillke, S., Haji Berudin, Z., Hamidi, A., Hoo, P.K., Jimbo, T., Juiling, S., Kusuma, Y.W.C., Kusumadewi, Y., Ling, C.Y., Lim, R.C.J., Lua, H.K., Magbuo, J.M.P., Malabrigo Jr., P.L., Majapun, R., Maryani, A., Ng, X.Y., Nilus, R., Pereira, J.T., Sang, J., Rachmat, H.H., Ranasinghe, S., Randi, A., Robiansyah, I., Solatre, J.S., Strijk, J.S., Sugau, J.B., Tang, J.W., Tanggaraju, S., Tating, M.M.B., Tobias, A.B., Tsen S., Umali, A.G.A, Velautham, E., Xiao, Y.X., Yong, W., & Yu, W.B. (2023). The Red List of Dipterocarpaceae [e publication]. Botanic Gardens Conservation International.


Lai, S., Tan, J., Deng, M., & Tan, C. (2022). A Guide to Implementing Coastal Nature-based Solutions for Singapore. CLC Publications.


Ngiam, T.T., Chua, T., Lim, K., & Yew, T.K.B. (2022). Vets at work: Tracing the progress of veterinarians in Singapore . Singapore Veterinary Association.


Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Soh, A., Sia, A., Wright, J., & Seow, J. (2022). Design Guidelines for Contemplative Landscapes. National Parks Board.


Rakshit, A., Ghosh, S., Vasenev, V., Pathak, H., & Rajput, V.D. (Eds.). (2022). Soils in Urban Ecosystem. Springer Singapore.


Rodda, M. (2022). Flower Obsession: Plant Collecting in East Asia, 1600s–1900s [exhibition catalogue]. National Parks Board.



Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore (May 2022 supplement, Jun and Dec 2022)

Timonius in Borneo (Jan 2023)



CITYGREEN issue #20

Gardenwise (Aug 2022 and Mar 2023)


Book Chapters

Dutta, A., Patra, A., Ghosh, S., & Rakshit, A. (2022). Urban Soil: A Review on Historical Perspective. In Rakshit, A., Ghosh, S., Vasenev, V., Pathak, H., & Rajput, V.D. (Eds.), Soils in Urban Ecosystem (pp. 3–10). Springer Singapore.


Eiadthong, W., Chen, J., Insura, T., & Chalermglin, P. (2022). Artabotrys. In Johnson, D., & Murray, N.A. (Eds.). Flora of Thailand, 16, Annonaceae (pp. 38–56). The Forest Herbarium.


Ganesan, S.K.Chong, K.Y.Lim, R.C.J.Lua, H.K.Ng, X.Y., & Velautham, E. (2023). Dipterocarpaceae in Singapore. In Khoo E., Barstow M., Maycock, C., et al., The Red List of Dipterocarpaceae [e publication] (pp. 55–56). Botanic Gardens Conservation International.


Li, Y., Satyanaga, A., Rangarajan, S., Rahardjo, H., & Lee, T.-T.D. (2022). Unsaturated Properties of Singapore Urban Soils. In Rakshit, A., Ghosh, S., Vasenev, V., Pathak, H., & Rajput, V.D. (Eds.). Soils in Urban Ecosystem (pp. 321–335). Springer Singapore.


Liu, J., Kim, D.E., Nguyen, C.T.C., Cai, Y., & Liong, S.Y. (2022). Stream rehabilitation design in a potentially protected forest catchment in Singapore. In Gourbesville, P., & Caignaert, G. (Eds.). Advances in Hydroinformatics (pp. 329–347). Springer Water.


Rodda, M. (2022). Nature Printing in Japan. In Zucker, M. & Ostlund, P. Capturing Nature (pp. 208–209). Zucker Art Books.


Strijk, S.J., Hinsinger, D.D., Roeder, M.M., Chatrou, L.W., Couvreur, T.L.P., Erkens, R.H.J., Sauquet, H., Pirie, M.D., Thomas, D.C., & Cao, K. (2022). The Soursop Genome (Annona muricata L., Annonaceae). In Chapman, M.S. (Ed.). Underutilised Crop Genomes: Compendium of Plant Genomes (pp. 149–174). Springer.


Journal Articles

Ardi, W.H., Ardaka, I M., Kusuma, Y.W.C., Lewis, C.L., & Thomas, D.C. (2022). Studies of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from the Moluccas IV: Two new species from Halmahera, Indonesia. Taiwania, 67(3), 335–340.


Ardi, W.H., & Thomas, D.C. (2022). Synopsis of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from the northern arm of Sulawesi, Indonesia, including three new species. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 79 (Begonia special issue, article 405), 1-50.


Ardi, W.H., Campos-Domínguez, L., Chung, K.-F., Dong, W.-K., Drinkwater, E., Fuller, D., Gagul, J., Garnett, G.J.L., Girmansyah, D., Goodall-Copestake, W.P., Hughes, M., Jacques, E.L., Jara-Muñoz, O.A., Julia, S., Kidner, C.A., Kiew, R., Krishna, N., Li, R., Marasinghe, L.D.K., Maw, M.B., Lin, C.W., Moonlight, P.W., Nguyen, H.T., Nguyen, H.Q., Phutthai, T., Pradeep, A.K., Rajbhandary, S., Rubite, R.R., Scherberich, D., Souvannakhoummane, K., Sreenath, M., Tebbitt, M.C., Thomas, D.C., Tian, D., Tseng, Y.-H., & Wilson, H.P. (2022). Resolving phylogenetic and taxonomic conflict in Begonia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 79 (Begonia special issue, article 1928), 1–28.


Ashokan, A., Suksathan, P., Leong-Škorničková, J., Newman, M., Kress, W.J., & Gowda, V. (2022). Floral evolution and pollinator diversification in Hedychium J.Koenig (Zingiberaceae): Revisiting Darwin’s predictions using an integrative taxonomic approach. American Journal of Botany, 109 (9), 1410–1427.


Ashokan, A., Xavier, A., Suksathan, P., Ardiyani, M., Leong-Škorničková, J., Newman, M., Kress, W.J., & Gowda, V. (2022). Himalayan orogeny and monsoon intensification explain species diversification in an endemic ginger (Hedychium: Zingiberaceae) from the Indo-Malayan Realm. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 170, 107440.


Aung, K. A., Khor, W.C., Ong, K.H., Tan, W.L., Wong, Z.N., Oh, J.Q., Wong, W.K., Tan, B.T.Y, Maiwald, M., Tee, N.W.S., Barkham, T., Koh, T.H., Dalsgaard, A., Chen, S.L., Schlundt, J., & Ng, L.C. (2022). Characterisation of Salmonella Enteritidis ST11 and ST1925 Associated with Human Intestinal and Extra-Intestinal Infections in Singapore. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), 5671.


Bai, L., Leong-Škorničková, J., & Xia, N.H. (2022). Typification of Adanson's generic name Pacoseroca (Zingiberaceae) and its implications. Taxon, 72 (1), 151–158.


Bai, L., Xia, N.H., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2022). Proposal to reject the name Pacoseroca (Zingiberaceae). Taxon, 71 (4), 907–908.


Berman. L., Li, D., Yang, S., Kennewell, M., & Rheindt, F. (2022). Bird breeding season linked to sunshine hours in a marginally seasonal equatorial climate. Journal of Ornithology, 164, 125–138 (2023).


Biswal, B. K., Vijayaraghavan, K., Lee, T-T. D.., & Balasubramanian, R. (2022). Biochar-based bioretention systems for removal of chemical and microbial pollutants from stormwater: A critical review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 422, 126886.


Böhmová, A., Leong-Škorničková, J., Šida, O., Poulsen, A.D., Newman, M.F., & Fer, T. (2022). Next generation sequencing data show rapid radiation and several long-distance dispersal events in early Costaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 179, 107664.


Chan, P.J., Lam, W.N., Ting, Y.Y., Phang, A.,Chong, R., Rahman, N. E., & Chong, K.Y. (2022). Towards a field guide to the trees of Nee Soon Swamp Forest (VIII): Sapotaceae. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022074.


Chen, C.-W, Chao, Y.-S., Maryani A. Mustapeng, A., Lindsay, S., Huang, Y.-M., Kessler, M., Luu, H. T., & Hsieh, C.-M. (2022). Insights into the systematics of Old World taenitidoid ferns (Pteridoideae; Pteridaceae): evidence from phylogeny and micromorphology. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 200(2), 165–193.


Chen, J., & Wong, K.M. (2022). Timonius hughtanii, a new species from Borneo. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022071.


Chen, P.Z.Chong, S.Q.Y., Chong, Q.Chan, A.H.J.Fernandez, C.J.Chen, A.G.Chang, S.F.Yap, H.H., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). The use of fecal cortisol for enrolment of free-roaming dogs in Singapore to a national rehabilitation-rehoming program: A possible indicator of allostasis. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 58, 37–44.


Chiu, J.H., Chong, K.Y., Lum, S.K.Y., & Wardle, D.A. (2023). Trends in the direction of global plant invasion biology research over the past two decades. Ecology and Evolution, 13, 9690.


Chong, S.M., Douay, G., Heng, Y., Chng, Y.R., Tay, Y.H., & Wong, W.K. (2022). Fatal Chryseobacterium indologenes hepatitis in a captive red-shanked Douc langur (Pygathrix nemaeus). Emerging Infectious Diseases, 51(4), 256–258.


Choo, L.M.Ang, W.F.Loo, A.H.B., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). Unravelling the identity of Sindora (Fabaceae, Detarioideae) trees in the historical landscapes of Singapore. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(2), 159–181.


Choo, L.M.Chen, L.M.J., & Turner, I.M. (2022). Flora of Singapore precursors, 31: The genus Boerhavia (Nyctaginaceae) in Singapore and clarification of Boerhavia diffusa in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(1), 19–36.


Dai, Q., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.H., Ow, L.F.Yusof, M.L.M., & Yucel, A.C. (2022). DMRF-UNet: A two-stage deep learning scheme for GPR data inversion under heterogeneous soil conditions. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 70(8), 6313–6328.


Dai, Q., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.-H., Qian, J., Ow, L.F.Yusof, M.L.M., & Yucel, A.C. (2022). A deep learning-based GPR forward solver for predicting B-scans of subsurface objects. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 19, 1–5.


De Leon, M.D., Cabactulan, R.D., Cuerdo, R.D., & Rodda, M. (2023). A new species of Hoya R.Br. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) from the Philippines. PhytoKeys, 222, 19–26.


Derrick, N.H.D., Izaan, M., Azhari, M., Xue, H., Chiu, D., Philip, V.Yap, M.L., & Hamid, A. (2022). Integrated Visual Assessment Method for Infestation by Lebbek Borer Xystrocera globosa in Rain Trees of Singapore. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry, 49, 38-53.


Er, K.B.H.Chong, K.Y., Ang, W.F.Ng, X.Y., & Loo, A.H.B. (2022). Three decades of floristic inventory, description and recovery efforts in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022067.


Foo, R., Hey, Y.Y., Ng, J.H.J., Chionh, Y.T., Chia, W. N., Kong, P.S., Lee, B.P., Kang, A.E., Borthwick, S.A., Low, D.H., Mendenhall, I.H., Pena, E.M., Yroy, R.E., Ng, B.S., & Wang, L.-F. (2022). Establishment of a captive cave nectar bat (Eonycteris spelaea) breeding colony in Singapore. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 61(4), 344–352.


Gan, L.X., Tan, C.L.Y., Ahmad, A.B., Cai, Y., & Yeo, D.C.J. (2022). Forest conversion adversely affects native Macrobrachium shrimp assemblages in tropical Malaysian streams. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems.


Ganesan, S.K. (2022). Flora of Singapore precursors, 29. Typifications in Dipterocarpaceae. Kew Bulletin, 77, 773–779.


Ganesan, S.K. (2022). Flora of Singapore precursors, 33: Further typifications and notes on Dipterocarpaceae. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 74(2), 145–149.


Ganesan, S.K., & Neo, L. (2022). Lectotypification of the Linnaean plant name Durio zibethinus (Malvaceae), based on Rumphius’s illustration. Taxon, 71(4), 897–899.


Gardner, E.M., Jimbo, T., & Zerega, N.J.C. Accepted pending revisions. Artocarpus buyangensis, a new species from New Guinea. Systematic Botany, 47(2), 452–456. 2X16512564801542


Goh, T.A., Ramchunder, S.J., & Ziegler, A.D. (2022). Low presence of potentially toxic elements in Singapore urban garden soils. CABI Agriculture and Bioscience, 3, 60.


Hamdany, A.H., Shen, Y., Satyanaga, A., Rahardjo, H., Lee,T-T. D., & Nong, X. (2022). Field instrumentation for real-time measurement of soil-water characteristic curve. International Soil and Water Conservation Research.


Hatt, S., Low, Y.W., Burslem, D.F.R.P., Middleton, D.J., Biffin, E., Maurin, O., & Lucas, E.J. (2022 accepted). A morphological analysis of Syzygium, with a focus on fibre bundles and description of a new subgenus. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.


He, X., Wang, Y., Tai, M. H., Lin, A., Owyong, S., Li, X., Leong, K., Yusof, M.L.M.Ghosh, S., & Wang, C-H. Integrated Applications of Water Hyacinth Biochar: A Circular Economy Case Study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 378, 134621.


Hlavatá, K., Leong-Škorničková, J., Záveská, E., Šida, O., Newman, M., Mandáková, T., Lysak, M.A., Marhold, K. & Fer, T. (2022) Phylogenomics and genome size evolution in Amomum s. s. (Zingiberaceae): Comparison of traditional and modern sequencing methods. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 178, 107666.


Ho, B.C. & Lua, H.K. (2022). Flora of Singapore precursors, 32: Discoveries in Mucuna (Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoideae) with a review of the genus in Singapore. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 74(1), 37–55.


Ho, B.-C., Alonso-García, M., Chantanaorrapint, S., Ellis, L.T., Promma, C., Rubasinghe, S.C.K., Wei, Y.-M., Ye, W., & Yong, K.-T. (2022). Additions to the bryophyte flora of Singapore. Herzogia, 35(2): 420–442.


Huang, T., Su, L.-J., Zeng, N.-K., Lee, S.M.L., Lee, S.-S., Thi, B.K., Zhang, W.-H., Ma, J., Huang, H., Jiang, S., & Tang, L.-P. (2023). Notes on Amanita section Validae in Hainan Island, China. Frontiers in Microbiology, 13, 1087756.


Hung, S.M.X., Seah, W.W., & Chong, K.Y. (2022). Towards a field guide to the trees of the Nee Soon Swamp Forest (VI): Calophyllum. Nature in Singapore Supplement 1: e2022072.


Ip, Y.C.A., Chen, J., Tan, L.Y., Lau, C., Chan, Y.H., Ravendrakum, S., Wong, W.Y.J., Ng, K., Tan, Z.Y.B., Fernandez, C.J.Chang, S.F., & Yap, H.H. (2023). Establishing environmental DNA and RNA protocols for the simultaneous detection of fish viruses from seawater. Environmental DNA, in press.


Julca, I., Mutwil-Anderwald, D., Manoj, V., Khan, Z., Lai, S.K., Yang, L.K., Beh, I.T., Dziekan, J., Lim, Y.P., Lim, S.K., Low, Y.W., Lam, Y.I., Tjia, S., Mu, Y.-G., Tan, Q.W., Nuc, P., Choo, L.M.Khew, G., Loo, S.-N., Kam, A., Tam, J.P., Bozdech, Z., Schmidt, M., Usadel, B., Kanagasundaram, Y., Alseekh, S., Fernie, A., Li, H.Y., & Mutwil, M. (accepted). Genomic, transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine plant Oldenlandia corymbosa reveals the biosynthesis and mode of action of anticancer metabolites. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology.


Kleine, M., Ghosh, S., Leitgeb, E., Berger, A., Ibrahim, H., Gschwantner, T., Ow, L.F., & Michel, K. (2022). Variation in soil organic carbon stocks in Singapore with forest succession and land management. Journal of Tropical Ecology, pp. 1–10.


Kurzweil, H., Tanaka, N., Mu Mu Aung, & Ormerod, P. (2022). A new species of Luisia (Orchidaceae) from Shan State, Myanmar. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(2): 251–256


Lai, H.R., Chong, K.Y. & Yee, A.T.K. (2022) Ten years after: what we learned from the Mandai storm forest. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022121.


Lam, W.N., Loh, J.W., Chong, R, Ting, Y.Y., Chan, P.J., Nur Estya Rahman & Chong, K.Y. (2022). Towards a field guide to the trees of the Nee Soon Swamp Forest (VII): Phyllanthaceae. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022073.


Lamperty, T., Chiok, W.X., Khoo, M.D.Y., Amir, Z., Baker, N., Chua, M. A. H., Chung, Y.F., Chua, Y.K., Koh, J.J.-M., Lee, B.-H., Lum, S.K.Y., Mendes, C.P., Ngiam, J., ODempsey, A., Png, K.G.C., Sophie, A.R., Tan, L., Teo, R.Thomas, N. & Luskin, M.S. (2023). Rewilding in Southeast Asia: Singapore as a case study. Conservation Science and Practice, e12899.


Lee, S.M.L. (2022). The status of bioluminescent fungal species in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022124.


Leong-Škorničková, J., Nguyen, QB, Tran, H.D., Luu, H.T., & Nuraliev, M. (2023). A revision of Geostachys (Zingiberaceae: Alpinioideae) in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam with a new species, G. aristata. Phytotaxa, 585(4), 245–260.


Leong-Škorničková, J., Soonthornkalump, S., Niwesrat, S., & Lim, S.Q. (2022). Curcuma lindstromii (Zingiberaceae: Zingiberoideae), a new species from southeastern Thailand. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 74(2), 243–250.


Li, L., Chen, X., Fang, D., Dong, S., Guo, X., Li, N., CamposDominguez, L., Wang, W., Liu, Y., Lang, X., Peng, Y., Tian, D., Thomas, D.C., Mu, W., Liu, M., Wu, C., Yang, T., Zhang, S., Yang, L., & Liu, H. (2022). Genomes shed light on the evolution of Begonia, a megadiverse genus. New Phytologist, 234(1), 295–310.


Li, Y., Rahardjo, H., Satyanaga, A., Rangarajan, S., & Lee, T-T.D. (2022). Soil Database Development in Singapore with the Application of Machine Learning Methods in Soil Properties Prediction. Engineering Geology, 306, 106769.


LiedeSchumann, S., Reuss, S. J., Meve, U., Gâteblé, G., Livshultz, T., Forster, P. I., Wanntorp, L., & Rodda, M. (2022). Phylogeny of Marsdenieae (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) based on chloroplast and nuclear loci, with a conspectus of the genera. Taxon.


Lim, J., Chong, R, Chia, Z., Teo, J., & Ang, W.F. (2022). Biodiversity Record: New locality record for the palm, Pinanga simplicifrons, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 15, Article e2022043.


Lim, R.C.J.Chan, P.J., & Ng, X.Y. (2022). Cone to seed: Hand-pollination and seed germination of Cycas edentata de Laub. (Cycadaceae) in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022122.


Lim, R.C.J.Chan, P.J., & Ng, X.Y. (2022). Reproductive biology of Cycas edentata in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022122.


Lim, V.-C., Sing, K.-W., Chong, K.Y., Jaturas, N., Dong, H., Lee, P.-S., Nguyen, T.T., Dzung, T.L., Tsang, T.P.N., Chu, L. Brandon-Mong, G.-J., Kong, W.-L., Soga, M., & Wilson, J.-J. (2022). Familiarity with, perceptions of and attitudes toward, butterflies of urban park users in megacities across East and Southeast Asia.


Lindsay, S.Middleton, D.J.Ho, B.C.Chong, K.Y., Turner, I.M.Ali Ibrahim, Alonso-García, M., Ang, W.F., Ashton, P.S., Athen, P., Atkins, S., Bazilah Ibrahim, Beentje, H.J., Boo, C.M., Boyce, P.C., Bramley, G.L.C., Buerki, S., Callmander, M.W., Chantanaorrapint, S., Cheek, M., Chen, C.-W., Chen, J.Chen, L.M.J.Chew, P.T.Chong, RChoo, L.M., Chung, R.C.K., Coode, M.J.E., Chua, S.C., Cicuzza, D., de Kok, R.P.J., Davison, G.W.H., de Wilde, W.J.J.O., Duistermaat, H., Dubéarnès, A., Duyfjes, B.E.E., Ellis, L.T., Esser, H.-J., Gajurel, P.R., Gale, S.W., Ganesan, S.K.Gardner, E.M., Geiger, D.L., Harwood, R.K., Hassan Ibrahim, He, S., Henderson, A., Hovenkamp, P.H., Hughes, M., Zaki Jamil, Jebb, M.H.P., Johnson, D.M., Kartonegoro, A., Kiew, R., Knapp, S., Koh, S.L.Kurzweil, H.Lee, S.Leong, P.K.F.Leong-Škorničková, J., Levin, G.A., Liew, D.C.H.Lim, R.C.J.Lim, W.H.Loo, A.H.B.Low, Y.W., Lua, H.K., Lum, S., Mabberley, D.J., Mahyuni, R., Maslin, B., Murray, N.A., Neo, L.Ng, X.Y., Ngo, K.M., Niissalo, M.A., Ong, P.T., Pannell, C.M., Phang, A., Prance, G.T., Promma, C., Puglisi, C.Rodda, M.L., Rubasinghe, S.C.K., Saunders, R.M.K., Savinov, I.A., Saw, L.G., Schuiteman, A., Seah, W.W., Simpson, D.A., Strijk, J.S., Sukkharak, P., Sugumaran, M., Syahida-Emiza, S., Tan, J.P.C., Taylor, N.P., Teo, Y.K.L., Thomas, D.C., Trias-Blasi, A., Utteridge, T., van Welzen, P.C., Veldkamp, J.F., Vermeulen, J., Wang, R., Wilkie, P., Wei, Y.-M., Wong, S.Y., Wong, K.M., Yaakub, S., Yam, T.W.Yang, S., Yao, T.L., Ye, W., Yee, A.T.K.Yeo, C.K., Yeoh, Y.S., Yong, C., Yong, K.T., Zerega, N.J.C., Zhu, R.-L., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). Flora of Singapore: Checklist and bibliography. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(Suppl. 1), 3–860.


Low, Y.W., Rajaraman, S., Tomlin, C.M., Joffre, A.A., Ardi, W., Armstrong, K., Athen, P., Berhaman, A., Bone, R., Cheek, M., Cho, N.R.W., Choo, L.M., Cowie, I., Crayn, D., Fleck, S.J., Ford, A.J., Forster, P.I., Girmansyah, D., Goyder, D., Gray, B., Heatubun, C.D., Ibrahim, A., Ibrahim, B., Jayasinghe, H.D., Muhammad Ariffin, A.K., Kathriarachchi, H., Kintamani, E., Koh, S.L., Lai, J.T.K., Lee, S.M.L.Leong, P.K.F.Lim, W., Lum, S.K.Y., Mahyuni, R., McDonald, W.J.F., Metali, F., Mustaqim, W.A., Naiki, A., Ngo, K.M., Niissalo, M., Ranasinghe, S., Repin, R., Rustiami, H., Simbiak, V., Sukri, R.S., Sunarti, S., Trethowan, L., Trias-Blasi, A., Vasconcelos, T.N.C., Wanma, J.F., Widodo, P., Wijesundara, D.S., Worboys, S., Yap, J.W., Yong, K.T., Khew, G.S.W., Salojarvi, J., Michael, T.P., Middleton, D.J., Burslem, D.F.R.P., Lindqvist, C., Lucas, E.J., & Albert, A.A. (2022). Genomic insights into rapid speciation within the world’s largest tree genus SyzygiumNature Communications, 13, 5031.


Luo, W., Lee, Y. H., Ow, L. F. , Yusof, M.L.M., & Yucel, A. C. (2022). Accurate tree roots positioning and sizing over undulated ground surfaces by common offset GPR measurements. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, (in press), 2022.


Mata-Guel, E.O., Soh, M.C.K., Butler, C.W., Morris, R.J., Razgour, O., & Peh, K.S.-H. (2023). Impacts of anthropogenic climate change on tropical montane forests: an appraisal of the evidence. Biological Reviews.


Maul, K., Wei, Y.-M., Iskandar, E.A.P., Chantanaorrapint, S., Ho, B.-C., Quandt, D., & Kessler, M. (2023). Liverworts show a globally consistent mid-elevation richness peak. Ecology and Evolution, 13(3), 9862.


McGuigan, A., Ticktin, T., Tora, M., Tikonavuli, V., Dacks, R., & Quazi, S. (2022). Post-cyclone resilience of an agroforest-based food system in the Pacific Islands. Regional Environmental Change, 22, 57.


Middleton, D.J., Atkins, S., Beentje, H.J., Chen, L.M.J.Choo, L.M., de Kok, R.P.J., de Wilde, W.J.J.O., Duyfjes, B.E.E., Ho, B.C.Lindsay, S., & Lua, H.K. (2022). Additions to the Flora of Singapore: New and overlooked records of casual and naturalised plant species (6). The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 74(1), 57–70.


Ng, X.Y.Lua, H.K.Ooi, Z.Y., & Ang, W.F. (2022). Schizostachyum lengguanii (Poaceae), a new native record and an updated key to the genus in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022117.


Ng, X.Y.Yong, J.K.L., & Lim, R.C.J. (2022). Rediscoveries of two Uncaria Schreb. (Rubiaceae) species in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022118.


Niissalo, M.A. (2023). Records of two extant orchid species (Orchidaceae) in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 16, Article e2023023.


Nur Estya binte Rahman, Smith, S.W., Lam, W.N., Chong, K.Y., Chua, M.S.E., Teo, P.Y., Lee, D.W.J., Phua, S.Y., Aw, C.Y., Lee, J.S.H., & Wardle, D.W. (2023). Leaf decomposition and flammability are largely decoupled across species in a tropical swamp forest despite sharing some predictive leaf functional traits. New Phytologist, 238, 598–611.


Oh, R.R.Y., Yuchen, Z., Nghiem, L.T.P., Chang, C.C., Tan, L.Y.C., Quazi, S.A., Shanahan, D.F., Lin, B.B., Gaston, K.J., Fuller, R.A., & Carrasco, L.R. (2022). Connection to Nature and Time Spent in Gardens Predicts Social Cohesion. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 74, 127655.


Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Fogel, A., Escoffier, N., Sia, A., Nakazawa, K., Kumagai, A., Dan, I., & Ho, R. (2022). Therapeutic garden with contemplative features induces desirable changes in mood and brain activity in depressed adults. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13, 757056.


Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Sia, A., Fogel, A., & Ho, R. (2022). Features of urban green spaces associated with positive emotions, mindfulness and relaxation. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 20695.


Ormerod, P., Kurzweil, H. & Truong, B.V. (2022). Additional Notes on the Orchid Flora of Myanmar and Some Other Ancillary Studies. Harvard Papers in Botany, 27(1), 61–73.


Ow, S.Chan, S.Toh, Y. H.Chan, S. H.Lakshminarayanan, J., Jabbar, S., Ang, A., & Loo, A. (2022). Bridging the gap: assessing the effectiveness of rope bridges for wildlife in Singapore. Folia Primatologica, 1(aop), 1–12.


Ow, S.Chan, S.Toh, Y.H.Chan, S.H.Lakshminarayanan, J., Jabbar, S., Ang, A. and Loo, A. (2022). Bridging the gap: assessing the effectiveness of rope bridges for wildlife in Singapore. Folia Primatologica.


Petrunoff, N. A., Edney, S., Yi, N. X., Dickens, B. L., Joel, K. R., Xin, W. N., Sia, A.Leong, D., van Dam, R. M., Cook, A. R., Sallis, J. F., Chandrabose, M., Owen, N., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Associations of park features with park use and park-based physical activity in an urban environment in Asia: A cross-sectional study. Health & Place, 75, 102790.


Phang, A. (2023). Novel observations of chiropterophily in Palaquium obovatum and flower visitation by Cynopterus brachyotis. Nature in Singapore, 16, Article e2023001


Phang, A., Atkins, H., & Wilkie, P. (2022). The effectiveness and limitations of digital images for taxonomic research. Taxon, 71, 1063–1076.


Phuong, T.M.T., Kalairasan, M., Beshay, P.F.R., Qi, Y., Ow, L.F.Govindasamy, V.Yusof, M.L.M.Ghosh, S., & Balasubramanian, R. (2022). Nature-Based Solution for Mitigation of Pedestrians’ Exposure to Airborne Particles of Traffic Origin in a Tropical City. Sustainable Cities and Society,


Rahayu, S., Ahmad, R.P.P., & Rodda, M. (2022). Hoya of Sulawesi, Indonesia: A checklist, two new species, a new subspecies and six new records. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(2), 207–221.


Rakshit, A., Meena, V.S., Chakraborty, S., Sarkar, B., & Ghosh, S. (2022). Editorial: Adaptive Farming Sustainability Practices: Fundamentals to Advances. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 6, Article e823437.


Ramchunder, S.J., Voutchkova, D.D., Estrada, E.S., Chuah, C.J., Evaristo, J., Ng, D., Cai, Y., Koh, R.Y.T., & Ziegler, A.D. (2022). Flowpath influence on stream acid events in tropical urban streams in Singapore. Hydrological Processes, 36(1), 14467.


Rodda, M., & Rahayu, S. (2022). Nine new species and one new subspecies of Hoya (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) from Borneo. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(1), 101–129.


Rodda, M., & Simonsson, N. (2022). Contribution to a revision of Hoya of Papuasia. Part II: eight new species, one new subspecies. Blumea – Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 67 (2), 139–155.


Sia, A.Tan, P.Y., Kim, Y. J., & Er, K.B.H. (2023). Use and non-use of parks are dictated by nature orientation, perceived accessibility and social norm which manifest in a continuum. Landscape and Urban Planning, 235.104758.


Sim, D.Z.H., Mowe, M.A.D., Chong, K.Y., & Yeo, D.C.J. (2022). An overview and checklist of non-native and cryptogenic vascular macrophytes in Singapore’s fresh waters. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022120.


Sim, H.J., Lam, W.N., Chisholm, R.A., & Chong, K.Y. (2022). Downstream resource leakage a necessary condition for the stress-gradient hypothesis in processing chain commensalisms. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 538, 111043.


Smith, S.W., Rahman, N.E.B., Harrison, M.E., Shiodera, S., Giesen, W., Lampela, M., Wardle, D.A., Chong, K.Y., Randi, A., Wijedasa, L.S., Teo, P.Y., Fatimah, Y.A., Teng, N.T., Yeo, K.Q.J., Alam, M.J., Sintes, P.B., Darusman, T., Graham, L.L.B., Katoppo, D.R., Kojima, K., Kusin, K., Lestari, D.P., Metali, F., Morrogh-Bernard, H.C., Nahor, M.B., Napitupulu, R.R.P., Nasir, D., Nath, T.K., Nilus, R., Norisada, M., Rachmanadi, D., Rachmat, H.H., Capilla, B.R., Salahuddin, Santosa, P.B., Sukri, R.S., Tay, B., Tuah, W., Wedeux, B.M.M., Yamanoshita, T., Yokoyama, E.Y., Yuwati, T.W., & Lee, J.S.H. (2022). Tree species that ‘live slow, die older’ enhance tropical peat swamp restoration: evidence from a systematic review. Journal of Applied Ecology, 59, 1950–1966.


Soonthornkalump, S., Kongphapa, J., Vianmana, S., Kunlapa, N., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2022). Curcuma stahlianthoides (Zingiberaceae), a new species from northeastern Thailand dispersed by ants. Blumea – Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 67, 71–75.


Sugumaran, M., Wong, V.W.C., & Wong, K.M. (2022). The importance of tree stands for natural regeneration and population maintenance of Porterandia scortechinii (Rubiaceae), an endemic tree in the Malay Peninsula. Sandakania, 23, 1–18.


Tan, D., Maiti, R., Tan, Y., Wong, B., Liew, Y., Tan, J., & Lee, T-T. D.. & Burcham, D. (2022). General Feasibility of Physical Models of Tree Branches. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5, 835930.


Tan, Y.H.J., & Toh, C.H. (2023). Biodiversity Record: Pteraeolidia semperi ovipositing and possible predation by another nudibranch. Nature in Singapore, 15, Article e2023010.


Tang, Q., Yan, Y., Soh, M.C.K., & Rheindt, F. E. (2023). CEAMEC 1.0: a ‘Shiny’ application for cost-effective animal management via environmental capacity. Ecography, 2023(1), 06581.


Teo, S., & Neo, L. (2022). Towards an automated workflow for gathering plant phenology data from crowd-sourced photographs. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022123.


Thomas, D.C., Niissalo, M.A.Koh, S.L.Athen, P.Leong, P., & Turner, I.M. (2023). Rediscovery in Singapore of Orophea hastata and Uvaria clementis (Annonaceae). Nature in Singapore, 16, Article e2023012.


Thomas*, N., Teo K.M., Teo, L.F.C, Soh, J., Tok, M.L. & Foo, R. (2022). Biodiversity Record: First breeding record of the lesser whistling duck on Pulau Ubin. Nature In Singapore, 15, Article e2022131.


Toh, X.Ong, J., Chan, C., Teo, X.H., Toh, S.Fernandez, C.J., & Huangfu, T. (2022). First detection of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 69, 1521–1528.


Toh, X.Wang, Y., Rajapakse, M.P., Lee, B., Songkasupa, T., Suwankitwat, N., Kamlangdee, A., Fernandez, C.J., & Huangfu, T. (2022). Use of nanopore sequencing to characterize African horse sickness virus (AHSV) from the African horse sickness outbreak in Thailand in 2020. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 69(3), 1010–1019.


Turner, I.M. (2022). An overlooked name provides the basionym for a new combination in Malagasy Tarenna (Rubiaceae). Candollea, 77(2), 237–240.


Turner, I.M. (2022). Singapore as a type locality for angiosperm taxa. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1, Article e2022069.


Turner, I.M. (2022). (2885) Proposal to conserve the name Magnolia oblonga (Wall. Ex Hook. F. & Thomson) Figlar (Magnoliaceae) against M. oblonga M. Chandler (fossil Magnoliaceae). Taxon, 71, 479.


Turner, I.M. (2022). (2883) Proposal to conserve the name Mitrella against Pyramidanthe (Annonaceae). Taxon, 71, 476–477.


Turner, I.M. (2022). (2928) Proposal to conserve the name Engelhardia roxburghiana (Juglandaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon, 71, 1320–1321.


Turner, I.M. (2022). Correcting a minor error: a new name for a Marantaceae species from New Guinea. Reinwardtia, 21(2), 8182.


Turner, I.M. (2022). From Acacia to Ziziphus: plant names commemorating the botanist William Roxburgh. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 71(Art. 1911), 1–102.


Turner, I.M. (2022). Flora of Singapore precursors, 30: Notes on Symplocaceae in Singapore. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74(1), 5–18.


Turner, I.M. (2022). A new combination in Rennellia (Rubiaceae). Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), 50, 52–55.


Turner, I.M. (2022). (2898) Proposal to conserve the name Pycnarrhena against Antitaxis (Menispermaceae). Taxon, 71, 697–698.


Turner, I.M., & García, M.A. (2022). (2907) Proposal to reject the name Cuscuta ggregate (Convolvulaceae). Taxon, 71, 909–910.


Turner, I.M., & Kumar, A. (2022). Prain’s Erycibe (Convolvulaceae) types. Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography (Webbia), 77, 169–172.


Turner, I.M., & Leong, P.K.F. (2022). Pycnarrhena (Menispermaceae), a new generic record for the native flora of Singapore. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 74, 139–144.


Voto, P., Lee, S.M.L., Dibán, M.J., & Maraia, G. (2022). Rachipsathyra, a new genus in Psathyrellaceae – Part I. Mycological Observations, 4, 11−12.


Wang, Y.Ong, J.Ng, O., Songkasupa, T., Koh, E.Y., Wong, J.P.S., Puangjinda, K., Fernandez, C.J.Huangfu, T., Ng, L.C., Chang, S.F., & Yap, H. (2022). Development of Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals (DIVA) Real-Time PCR for African Horse Sickness Virus Serotype 1. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 28(12), 2446–2454.


Wee, S.Q.W., Chia, A., & Low, B.W. (2021). Mixed-species migratory wagtail (Aves: Motacillidae) roosts in urban Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 15, Article e2022046.


Wong, J.S.Y., Soh, M.C.K.Low B.W. , & Er, K.B.H. (2022). Tropical bird communities benefit from regular-shaped and naturalized urban green spaces with water bodies. Landscape and Urban Planning, 231, Article e104644.


Wong, K.M., & Chen, J. (2022). The Timonius conundrum: Taxonomic deliberations around a complex alliance in the Rubiaceae. Nature in Singapore, Supplement 1: e2022070.


Yong, C.K.L., Png, K.G., Tan, S.K.B., Lee, B.P.Y-H.Khoo, M.D.Y., Chiok, W.X., Luskin, M.S., & Wardle, D.A. (2022). Plants associated with wild pig (Sus scrofa) foraging activities in Singapore secondary forests. Suiform Soundings, 21(1), 7–14.


Zhu, B-R., Verhoeven. M.A., Hassell, C.J., Leung. K.K-S., Dorofeev D., Ma Q., Eiamampai, K., Coleman, J.T., Tserenbat U., Purev-Ochir, G., Li, D., Zhang, Z., & Piersma, T. (2023). Predicting the non-breeding distributions of the two Asian subspecies of Black-tailed Godwit using morphological information. Avian Research, 14, 100069.


Zou, J., Ziegler, A.D., Chen, D., McNicol, G., Ciais, P., Jiang, X., Zheng, C., Wu, J., Wu., J., He, X., Brown, L.E., Holden, J., Zhang, Z., Ramchunder, S.J., Chen, A., & Zheng, Z. (2022). Rewetting global wetlands effectively reduces major greenhouse gas emissions. Nature Geoscience, 15, 627–632.


Magazine Articles

Chen, M.L., & Tan, H.M. (2022). From Education Outreach: Marvellous Trees, a programme for preschools. Gardenwise, 59, 34.


Cheong, N. (2023). From Education Outreach: Celebrating the Singapore Garden Festival at the Jacob Ballas Children’s Garden. Gardenwise, 60, 30–34.


Chia, E. (2022). Shedding light on House 6 and the Field Assistant’s residence with historical maps. Gardenwise, 59, 6–10.


Chong, K.Y., Khew, G.Middleton, D.Thomas, D., & Wong, K.M. (2022). Nurturing the next generation of botanists. Gardenwise, 59, 21–23.


Ganesan, S.K., & Lee, S. (2023). In Memorium Haji Samsuri Bin Haji Ahmad (1936–2022) – ‘The King of Trees’. Gardenwise, 60, 4–5.


Ho, B.C., & Chen, L. (2022). Edible legume flowers in Asia. Gardenwise, 59, 2–5.


Lee, S. (2023). From the Earth: Edible fungi in Sabah and Singapore. Gardenwise, 60, 27–29.


Lee, S. & Jaya Seelan, S.S. (2022). From the Earth: Edible fungi in Sabah and Singapore. Gardenwise, 59, 30–33.


Middleton, D. (2022). The 18th Flora of Thailand Conference, Singapore, July 2022. Gardenwise, 59, 39.


Middleton, D. (2023). From the Taxonomy Corner: Women in plant taxonomy. Gardenwise, 60, 21–22.


Middleton, D.Lindsay, S.Ho, B.C.Chong, K.Y., & Turner, I. (2022). From the Taxonomy Corner: A new checklist and bibliography of the plant diversity of Singapore. Gardenwise, 59, 24–25.


Neo, L., & Ganesan, S.K. (2023). Uncommon market vegetables: An exhibition at the Centre for Ethnobotany. Gardenwise, 60, 10–14.


Nura, A.K. (2022). What’s Blooming: Coming of age, the first blooms of a maiden. Gardenwise, 59, 35–36.


Nura, A.K. (2022). Around the Gardens: Extending a welcome to the National Research and Innovation Agency of the Republic of Indonesia. Gardenwise, 59, 37–38.


Nura, A.K. (2023). What’s Blooming: Copernicia macroglossa – one ‘dressed’ up palm! Gardenwise, 60, 35–36.


Nura, A.K. (2023). Beyond the Gardens: The 7th Global Botanic Gardens Congress – a testament to perseverance in times of a global pandemic! Gardenwise, 60, 37–38.


Nura, A.K. (2023). The Exceptional Species Micropropagation & Cryopreservation Workshop 2022. Gardenwise, 60, 39–40.


Rodda, M. (2022). Flower Obsession: Plant Collecting in East Asia, 1600s–1900s. Gardenwise, 59, 15–19.


Rodda, M. (2022). From the Archives: Corner and his monkeys. Gardenwise, 59, Back cover.


Rodda, M. (2023). Flora of Southeast Asia: Contemporary artworks on native plants of Southeast Asia. Gardenwise, 60, 6–9.


Rodda, M. Yeo, M. (2023). From the Archives: William Griffith’s Icones Plantarum AsiaticarumGardenwise, 60, Back cover.


Tan, B., & Tandon, R. (2022). Building water resilience at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Gardenwise, 59, 11–14.


Tan, R., & Whang, L.K. (2023). A blooming year: Spotlight on the Gardens’ named orchid hybrids in 2022. Gardenwise, 60, 15–20.


Whang, L.K. (2023). Remembering the life of Junichi Inada in Singapore Gardenwise, 60, 2–3.


Wong, W. (2022). Edibles: Microgreens, quick and easy-to-grow edibles for the urbanite. Gardenwise, 59, 26–29.


Wong, W. (2023). Edibles: Plants with a lemon-like scent. Gardenwise, 60, 25–26.







Book and Reports

Chan, L., Hillel, O., Werner, P., Holman, N., Coetzee, I., Galt, R., & Elmqvist, T. (2021). Handbook on the Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity (also known as the City Biodiversity Index), CBD Technical Series No. 98. Montreal: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity; and Singapore: National Parks Board.


Portner, H.O., Scholes, R.J., Agard, J., Archer, E., Arneth, A., Bai, X.,Barnes, D., Burrows, M., Chan, L., Cheung, W.L., Diamond, S., Donatti, C., Duarte, C., Eisenhauer, N., Foden, W., Gassalla, M.A., Handa, C., Hickler, T., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Ichii, K., Jacob, U., Insarov, G., Kiessling, W., Leadley, P., Leemans, R., Levin, L., Lim, M., Maharaj, S., Managi, S., Marquet, P.A., McElwee, P., Midgeley, G., Oberdorff, T., Obura, D., Osman, E., Pandit, R., Pascual, U., Pires, A.P.F., Plpp, A., Reyes-Garcia, V., Sankaran, M., Settele, J., Shin, Y.J., Sintayetu, D.W., Smith, P., Steiner, N., Strassburg, B., Sukumar, R., Trisos, C., Val, A.L., Wu, J., Aldrian, E., Parmesan, C., Pichs-Madruga, R., Roberts, D.C., Rogerts, A.D., Diaz, S., Fischer, M., Hashimoto, S., Lavorel, S., Wu, N., Ngo, H.T. (2021) IPBES-IPCC co-sponsored workshop report on biodiversity and climate change.  IPBES and IPCC.



Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore (May and Dec 21)



CITYGREEN issue #19

Gardenwise (Aug 21 and Feb 22)


Book Chapters

Anderson, P.M.L., Potgieter, L.J., Chan, L., Cilliers, S.S. & Nagendran, H. (2021). Urban Plant Diversity: Understanding Informing Processes and Emerging Trends. In: C. M. Shackleton et al. (eds.), Urban Ecology in the Global South, Cities and Nature.  Switzerland: Springer.


Leitgeb, E., Kleine, M., Ibrahim, H., Mohamed, M.F., Lin, D.C.P., Yusof, M.L., Michel, K. and Ghosh, S. (2021). Soil Organic Carbon Stocks in Forests of Singapore. In:  Recarbonizing global soils: a technical manual of recommended management practices. Volume 6: Forestry, Wetlands, Urban Soils – Case-studies, pp.45-53. FAO publication


Philip, V., George, E.R., Ghosh, S., & Yap, M.L. (2021). Nutrient Sufficiency Range of Soils and Plants in Singapore. In Rakshit, A., Singh, S.K., Abhilash, P.C. & Biswas, A. (Eds.), Soil Science: Fundamentals to Recent Advances, pp. 669-681. Singapore: Springer.


Yong, E. et al. [69 collaborators including Tun, K.] (2021). Chapter 7. Status and trends of coral reefs of the East Asian Seas region. In: Souter, D., Planes, S., Wicquart, J., Logan, M., Obura, D. & Staub, F. (eds.) Status of coral reefs of the world: 2020, pp. 1–12.


Conservation Assessments

Choo, L.M. (2021). S. echinocalyx. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T169257616A169257676


Choo, L.M. (2021). S. siamensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T33242A2835471


Choo, L.M. (2021). S. wallichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T62027980A62027992.


Ganesan, S.K. & Barstow, M. (2021). Gluta malayana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182091770A184586924.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). B. arborescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983514A61983516


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). B. sessifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T181861404A184586919.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Bouea oppositifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T181759052A184586914.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). C. auriculatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983599A61983601


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). C. squamatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983653A61983655.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Dracontomelon dao. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983677A61983680.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Gluta wallichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983828A61983831.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. angustifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T194362008A194362027.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. auriculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T194361991A194362022.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. bracteata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361987A194362017.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. caesia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T31403A184586784.A148


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. caesia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361980A194362012.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. foetida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T31392A67735676.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. indica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T31389A67735735.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. lagenifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T32124A184586841.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. subsessilifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T32999A184586880.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. insignis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T61984071A61984073.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. maingayi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182094223A184586934.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. paucijuga. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182094093A184586929


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Semecarpus heterophyllus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361953A194361965.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Swintonia schwenckii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61984296A61984302.


Journal Articles

Ahmad, R.P.P., Zulfadli, Rahayu, S., & Rodda, M. (2021). Two new species of Hoya (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) From Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Phytotaxa, 502, 79-85.


Ardi, W.H., Girmansyah, D., Zulfadli, & Thomas, D.C. (2021). Begonia willemii (Begoniaceae), a new species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Taiwania, 66(3), 374-377.


Arshed, M.J, Callado, R.J., Tandang, D., Agoo, E.M. & Rodda, M. (2021). The taxonomy of Dischidia ruscifolia (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), and the description of a new species, Dischidia argentii. Taiwania, 66(4), 496503.


Arshed, M.J., Tandang, D., Amoroso, V., Agoo, E.M., & Rodda, M. (2021). A new species of Dischidia (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) from Mindanao Philippines, and rediscovery and lectotypifiction of Dischidia elmeri. Nordic Journal of Botany, 39(7).


Ascher, J.S., Soh, Z.W.W., Chui, S.X., Soh, E.J.Y., Ho, B.M., Lee, J.X.Q., & Ong, X.R. (2022). The bees of Singapore (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila): first comprehensive country checklist and conservation for a Southeast Asian bee fauna. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology70, 39–64.


Bates, A.E., Primack, R.B., et al. [347 authors, including Soh, M.C.K., B.X.K., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Loo, A.H.B. & Er, K.B.H.] (2021) Global COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment. Biological Conservation


Biswal, B.K., Vijayaraghavan, K., Adam, M.G., Lee, T.-T.D., Davis, A.P., & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Biological nitrogen removal from stormwater in bioretention cells: A critical review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 1-23.


Bitencourt, C., Nürk, N.M., Rapini, A., Fishbein, M., Simões, A.O., Middleton, D.J., Meve, U., Endress, M.E., & Liede-Schumann, S. (2021). Evolution of dispersal, habit, and pollination in Africa pushed Apocynaceae diversification after the eocene-oligocene climate transition. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution9


Cai, Z.-Y., Zhou, X.-X., Wong, K.-M., & Xia, N.-H. (2021). Gelidocalamus fengkaiensis (Poaceae: Bambusoideae), a new bamboo species from Guangdong, China, with an analysis of branch development in relation to flowering. Botanical studies, 62(1).


Cheek, M.D., Boon, R.G.C., Wong, K.M., & Hadebea, M. (2021). Assessment of the degree of establishment of five introduced Melastomataceae taxa in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 142, 502–508.


Chen, C.-W., Lindsay, S., Middleton, D.J., Cicuzza, D. & Schuettpelz, E. (2021). New combinations and typifications in Haplopteris (Pteridaceae: Vittarioideae). Kew Bulletin, 76(2), 322-326.


Chen, J.Ng, X.Y.Lim, R.C.J.Lua, H.K., & Saunders, R. M. K. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 28: Taxonomic and nomenclatural clarification of Kadsura Species (Schisandraceae) in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 293–306.


Chen, L.M.J, Ong, K.H., Lua, H.K., Yeo, R.S.W., Chua, K.S., Tan, B.H., Choo, L.M.Koh, S.L., & Ho, B.C. (2021). Additions to the Flora of Singapore: New and overlooked records of casual and naturalised plant species (5). Nature In Singapore, 14: e2021090.


Chen, L.M.J., Yong, C.H.C., Lua, H.K., & Ho, B.C. (2021). Rediscovery of the ‘Woolly Frogsmouth’, Philydrum lanuginosum Banks ex Gaertn. (Philydraceae), in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021040.


Chong, K.Y., Hung, S., Koh, C.Y., Lim, C.J., Loh, J.W., Neo, L., Seah, W.W., Tan, S.Y., and Tan, H.T.W. (2021). Waterlogging and soil but not seedling competition structure tree communities in a catchment containing a tropical freshwater swamp forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(5).


Chong, K.Y., Corlett, R.T., Nuñez, M., Chiu, J.H., Courchamp, F., Dawson, W., Kuebbing, S., Liebhold, A.M., Padmanaba, M., Souza, L., Andersen, K.M., Fei, S., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Lum, S., Luskin, M., Ngo, K.M., & Wardle, D.A. (2021). Are terrestrial biological invasions different in the tropics? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 52(1), 291-314.


Chong, S.M., Douay, G., Heng, Y., Chng, Y.R., Tay, Y.H., & Wong, W.K. (2022). Fatal Chryseobacterium indologenes infection in a captive red-shanked Douc langur (Pygathrix nemaeus). Journal of Medical Primatology


Choo, L.M. (2021). Bianceae scabrida, a new species of the Caesalpinia group (Fabaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Phytotaxa, 525(4), 251–257.


Choo, L. M.Loo, A. H. B.Yeoh, Y. S.Ng, X. Y.Ang, W. F., & Er, K.B.H. (2021). Phanera ferruginea var. griffithiana (Fabaceae, Cercidoideae): resolving the status of a lesser-known climbing legume in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 253–266.


Choo, L.M., Loo, A.H.B., Ang, W.F., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). A natural hybrid of Sindora (Fabaceae, Deltarioideae) from Singapore. PhytoKeys, 190, 87-102.


Choo, L.M., Ng, X.Y. & Lua, H.K. (2022). Rediscovery and lectotypification of a native vine, Plukenetia corniculata Sm. (Euphorbiaceae) in Singapore. Nature In Singapore, 15: e2022001.


Cvetkovic, T., Areces-Berazain, F., Hinsinger, D.D., Thomas, D.C., Wieringa, J.J., Ganesan, S.K. & Strijk, J.S. (2021). Phylogenomics resolves deep subfamilial relationships in Malvaceae s.l. G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, 11(7).


Cvetković, T., Hinsinger, D. D., Thomas, D. C., Wieringa, J. J., Velautham, E., & Strijk, J. S. (2022). Phylogenomics and a revised tribal classification of subfamily Dipterocarpoideae (Dipterocarpaceae). TAXON71(1), 85–102.


Dai, Q.Q., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.H., Ow, L.F., & Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). A Deep Learning Scheme for Rapidly Reconstructing 3D Permittivity Maps from GPR C-scans. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI)


Davranoglou, L.-R., Matsumoto, K., Soh, Z. W. W. & Kempton, J. (2021). New records and ecological observations on Greek cave crickets (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae). Journal of Natural History, 55(1-2), 1-13.


de Mesquita Souza Saraiva, M., Lim, K., do Monte, D. F., Givisiez, P. E., Alves, L. B., de Freitas Neto, O. C., Kariuki, S., Júnior, A. B., de Oliveira, C. J., & Gebreyes, W. A. (2021). Antimicrobial resistance in the globalized food chain: A one health perspective applied to the poultry industry. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology53(1), 465–486.


Deshmukh, U.B, Majumdar, S. & Ho, B.-C. (2022). Daltonia hookeriana, a new name for Daltonia heterophylla (Wilson ex Mitt.) B.C.Ho & L.Pokorny (Daltoniaceae, Bryophyta). Phytotaxa, 538(1), 84–86.


Fung, T.K., Richards, D.R., Leong, R.A.T., Ghosh, S., Tan, C.W.J., Drillet, Z., Leong, K.L., & Edwards, P.J. (2021). Litter decomposition and infiltration capacities in soils of different tropical urban land covers. Urban Ecosystems, 25(1), 21-34.


Gardner, E. M., & Zerega, N. J. C. (2021). Taxonomic updates to Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (Moraceae) and allied taxa with a particular focus on the species native to Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 309–374.


Gardner, E. M., Arifiani, D., & Zerega, N. J. C. (2021). Artocarpus bergii (Moraceae), a new species in the breadfruit clade from the Moluccas. Systematic Botany46(1), 91–95.


Gardner, E.M. (2021). Colonial botany and the shifting identity of Balanostreblus ilicifolius Kurz (Moraceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 221-235.


Gardner, E.M., Audi, L., Zhang, Q., Sauquet, H., Monro, A., & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Phylogenomics of Brosimum Sw. (Moraceae) and allied genera, including a revised subgeneric system. TAXON   


Gardner, E.M., Garner, M., Cowan, R., Dodsworth, S., Epitawalage, N., Arifiani, D., Sahromi, S., Baker, W.J., Forest, F., Maurin, O., Zerega, N.J.C., Monro, A. & Hipp, A.L. (2021). Repeated parallel losses of inflexed stamens in Moraceae: phylogenomics and generic revision of the tribe Moreae and the reinstatement of the tribe Olmedieae (Moraceae). TAXON, 70(5): 946–988.


Gardner, E.M., Johnson, M.G., Pereira, J.T., Puad, A.S.A., Wickett, N.J. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Paralogs and off-target sequences improve phylogenetic resolution in a densely sampled study of the breadfruit genus (ArtocarpusMoraceae). Systematic Biology, 70(3), 558–575.


Gobeawan, L., Lin, S. E., Liu, X., Wong, S. T., Lim, C. W., Gaw, Y.-F. L., Wong, N. H., Tan, P. Y., Tan, C. L., & He, Y. (2021). IFC-centric vegetation modelling for bim. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information SciencesVIII-4/W2-2021, 91–98.


Hamdany, A.H., Shen, Y., Satyanaga, A., Rahardjo, H., Lee, T.-T. D., & Nong, X. (2022). Field instrumentation for real-time measurement of soil-water characteristic curve. International Soil and Water Conservation Research


Ho, B. C., & Sukkharak, P. (2021). Thysananthus ciliaris (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta), a rare species new to Singapore from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 237–244.


Ho, B.C., Yeo, R.S.W. & Chen, L.M.J. (2021). A review of Desmodium s.l. (Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoideae) in Singapore and nomenclature updates in the Malay Peninsula. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 49– 80.


Ho, X.Y., Katemeran, N.P., Deignan, L.K., Phyo, M.N., Ong, J.F.M., Goh, J., X., Ng, J.Y.Tun, K. & Tan, L.T. (2021). Assessing the diversity and biomedical potential of microbes associated with the Neptune's Cup Sponge, Cliona patera. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12.


Hroneš, M., Leong-Škorničková, J., Niissalo, M.A. & M. Dančák (in press). Hanguana deflexa (Hanguanaceae), a new species from Sarawak, Borneo. Phytokeys, 181, 9-19.


Jamil, Z. (2021). New Palms for Singapore's Landscapes. Palms, 65(4), 193 - 201.


Khoo, M. D. Y., Lim, B. T. M., Soh, M. C. K., Loy, R. H. Y., Lua, H. K., Lee, B. P. Y.-H., Loo, A. H. B., & Er, K. B. H. (2021). Persistence of a locally endangered mouse-deer amidst the re-emergence of two larger ungulates in small urban rainforest fragments. Global Ecology and Conservation30


Khoo, M.D.Y., Soh, M.C.K. & Lee, B.P.Y.-H. (2021) Raffles’ banded langur at Dairy Farm Nature Park. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021059.


Kong, E.Khoo, M., Wong, J.W., Wong, S. & Low, B.W. (2021) Observations on the behaviour and diet of the Harlequin Taxila haquinus haquinus Fabricius 1793 (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) in Singapore. Tropical Lepidoptera Research, 31, 22-31.


Kotze, J., Ghosh, S., Hui, N., Jumpponen, A., Lee, Y-. H.B., Lu, C., Lum, S., Pouyat, R., Szlavecz, K., Wardle, D., Yesilonis, I., Zheng, B. and Setälä, H. (2021). Urbanization minimises the effects of plant traits on soil provisioned ecosystem services across climatic regions. Global Change Biology, 27(17), 4139-4153.


Kurzweil, H., Watthana, S., & Ormerod, P. (2021). Orchidaceae. In: Fujikawa et al. (eds.), Taxonomic Enumeration of Natma Taung National Park, Vol. 2. Makinoa New Series, Supplement Issue: 1-124


Lam, W. N., Chan, P. J., Ting, Y. Y., Sim, H. J., Lian, J. J., Chong, R., Rahman, N. E., Tan, L. W., Ho, Q. Y., Chiam, Z., Arora, S., Lai, H. R., Ramchunder, S. J., Peh, K. S.-H., Cai, Y., & Chong, K. Y. (2021). Habitat adaptation mediates the influence of leaf traits on canopy productivity: Evidence from a tropical freshwater swamp forest. Ecosystems


Lee, S.M.L., Er, K.B.H., Loo, A.H.B., Ang, W.F. (2021). Rediscovery of the Sculptured Toadstool, Amanita sculpta (Amanitaceae) in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1):1–7.


Leong, P. K. F., & Lua, H. K. (2021). Ficus subulata, a new record for Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 245–251.


Leong-Škorničková, J., Lamb, A., Linton, J. & L. Gokusing. (2021). Six new Orchidantha species (Lowiaceae) from Borneo. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 179-202.


Lim, K., Tan, A., Ho, K., Sng, W., Lim, H. P., Chan, C., Toh, X., Ong, J., Chang, S. F., & Fernandez, C. J. (2021). Resolution of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2; Lagovirus Europeus gi.2) outbreak in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases


Lim, K., & Xie, S. (2021). Application of epidemiology and principles of Herd/Flock Health for the exotic animal veterinarian. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice24(3), 495–507.


Lindsay, S., & Middleton, D.J. (2021). Nomenclatural and taxonomic clarifications in Amblovenatum (Thelypteridaceae). Kew Bulletin, 76(2), 317–321.


Lindsay, S., & Middleton, D.J. (2021). (2836) proposal to conserve the name asplenium arifolium ( hemionitis arifolia , parahemionitis arifolia ) ( pteridaceae ) with a conserved type. TAXON70(5), 1133–1134.


Low, D.H.W., Hitch, A., Skiles, M.M., Borthwick, S.A., Neves, E.S., Lim, Z.X., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Su, Y.C.F., Smith, G.J.D., Mendenhall, I.H. (2021). Host specificity of Hepatocystis infection in short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus brachyotis) in Singapore. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 15, 35-42.


Low, J.K.Y., & Chew NKM, 2021. Biodiversity Record: Spotted sand-diver, Trichonotus setiger, off Sisters Islands. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021075.


Low, J.K.Y., & Jaafar Z, 2021. Biodiversity Record: Recent record of queenfish, Scomberoides tol, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021036.


Luo, W.H., Sun, H. H., Lee, Y.H., Ow, L.F.& Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). Tree Root Positioning in Heterogeneous Soil Environment Using GPR. 2021 IEEE USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (Joint with AP-S Symposium)


Ly, N.S., Do, D.G., Cao, N.G., Truong, B.V., Nguyen, V.T., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Zingiber magang and Z. tamii (Zingiberaceae, two new species from central Vietnam. Taiwania 66(2), 232-240.


Maurin, O., Anest, A., Bellot, S., Biffin, E., Brewer, G., Charles-Dominique, T., Cowan, R.S, Dodsworth, S., Epitawalage, N., Gallego, B., Giaretta, A., Goldenberg, R., Gonçalves, D.J.P., Graham, S., Hoch, P., Mazine, F., Low, Y.W., McGinnie, C., Michelangeli, F.A., Morris, S., Penneys, D.S., Pérez Escobar, O.A., Pillon, Y., Pokorny, L., Shimizu, G., Staggemeier, V.G., Thornhill, A.H., Tomlinson, K.W., Turner, I.M., Vasconcelos, T., Wilson, P.G., Zuntini, A.R., Baker, W.J., Forest, F., Lucas, E. (2021). A nuclear phylogenomic study of the angiosperm order Myrtales, exploring the potential and limitations of the universal Angiosperms353 probe set. American Journal of Botany, 108(7), 1087-1111.


Middleton, D.J., Bertling, M,, McNeill, J. & Möller, M. (2021). Proposal to conserve the name Tetraphyllum Griff. ex C.B. Clarke (Gesneriaceae) against Tetraphyllum Hosius & Marck (published as fossil Magnoliophyta). Taxon, 70(2), 437–438.


Middleton, D.J., Nguyễn, Q. B., Trần, H. Đ., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). A new species of raphiocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Vietnam. Edinburgh Journal of Botany78, 1–4.


Middleton, D.J., Thant Shin, & Baba, Y. (2021). A new species of Petrocosmea (Gesneriaceae) from Myanmar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 457–460.


Neo, L., Tan, H. T.W., & Wong, K. M. (2021). Too little, too late? conservation exigencies for Borneo inferred from biogeographic considerations of its endemic plant genera against intense landscape modifications. Biodiversity and Conservation31(1), 59–76.


Neo, L., Tan, H.T.W., & Wong, K.M. (2021). Centres of endemism in Borneo and their environmental correlates revealed by endemic plant genera. Flora, 285, 151966.


Ng, X.Y., Lua, H.K., Boo, C.M., and Lim, R.C.J. (2021). Status and distribution of Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021039.


Ng, X.Y., Pannell, C.M., Ang, W.F.Loo A.H.B.and Er. K.B.H. (2021) Status and distribution of Aglaia multinervis Pannell in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021049.


Ngiam, R.W.J., Chan, J.P.S., Khoo, M.D.Y., Kong, E.Y.L., & Low, B.W. (2021). Description of the larva of Brachygonia oculata (Brauer, 1878) (Odonata: Libellulidae) with notes on rearing technique. Zootaxa, 4966(5), 563-570.


Nguyen, N.T.H., Friess, D.A., Todd, P.A., Mazor, T., Lovelock, C.E., Lowe, R., Gilmour, J., Chou, L.M., Bhatia, N., Jaafar, Z., Tun, K., Yaakub, S.M, & Huang, D.W. (2022). Maximising resilience to sea-level rise in urban coastal ecosystems through systematic conservation planning. Landscape and Urban Planning, 221, 104374.


Niissalo, M.A. & Choo, L.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors 25: Taxonomic notes on new discoveries from Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, including two native genera newly recorded. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 33-48.


Niissalo, M. A.Gardner, E. M.Khew, G. S.Šída, O.Poulsen, A. D., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2022). Whence came these plants most foul? phylogenomics and biogeography of Lowiaceae (Zingiberales). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution9


Oh, R. R., Fielding, K. S., Chang, C.-C., Nghiem, L. T., Tan, C. L., Quazi, S. A., Shanahan, D. F., Gaston, K. J., Carrasco, R. L., & Fuller, R. A. (2021). Health and wellbeing benefits from nature experiences in tropical settings depend on strength of connection to nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(19), 10149.


Ow, L.F., & Chan, E. (2021). Deffering waterlogging through stormwater control and channelling of runoff. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 65, 127351.


Ow-Yong, W.L., Todd, P.A., Ang, A.C.F., Ying, L.S.M., Teo., Lee, S.H.R., Low, J., & Neo, M.L. (2022). Fluted giant clam (Tridacna squamosa) restocking experiment in an urban turbid reef environment. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 32(4), 633-644.


Park, S.H., Petrunoff, N.A., Wang, N.X., van Dam, R.M., Sia, A., Tan, C.S., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Daily park use, physical activity, and psychological stress: A study using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment amongst a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 22, 100440.


Patil, S., Shinde, R.D., LeongŠkorničková, J., & Chaudhari, R. (2021). Fixing stray traditions in gingers: The identity and nomenclatural history of zingiber neesanum and other entwined names. TAXON70(6), 1339–1351.


Petrunoff, N.A., Edney, S., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B.L., Joel, K.R., Xin, W.N., Sia, A., Leong, D., van Dam, R. M., Cook, A.R., Sallis, J.F., Chandrabose, M., Owen, N., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Associations of park features with park use and park-based physical activity in an urban environment in Asia: A cross-sectional study. Health & Place, 75, 102790.


Petrunoff, N.A., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B., Sia, A., Koo, J., Cook, A.R., Lin, W.H., Ying, L., Hsing, A.W., van Dam, R.M., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2021). Associations of Park Access, park use and physical activity in parks with wellbeing in an Asian urban environment: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity18(1).


Phang, A. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 27: Typifications in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae) and the resurrection of dioscorea tenuifolia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore73(2), 279–292.


Rahayu, S., & Rodda, M. (2021). Hoya buntokensis (ApocynaceaeAsclepiadoideae), a new myrmecophytic species, and Hoya wallichii subsp. tenebrosa, a new subspecies from Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 66(3), 236-241.


Ramchunder, S. J., Voutchkova, D. D., Estrada, E. S., Chuah, C. J., Evaristo, J., Ng, D.Cai, Y., Koh, R. Y., & Ziegler, A. D. (2022). Flowpath influence on stream acid events in tropical urban streams in Singapore. Hydrological Processes36(1).


Randi, A., Wijedasa, L., & Thomas, D.C. (2022). Disepalum rawagambut (Annonaceae), a new tree species from Peat Swamp Forest of sumatra, Indonesia. Phytotaxa530(1), 121–126.


Randi, A., Wijedasa, L.S., Boyce, P.C., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Two new species of Hanguana (Hanguanaceae) from Kalimantan, Indonesia. Blumea – Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 66(1), 101-105.


Rodda, M., & Niissalo, M.A. (2021). Plastome Evolution and organisation in the Hoya Group (Apocynaceae). Scientific Reports11(1).


Sankar, A., Chakranorty, D., Law, I.T., Yap, S., Tan. J. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Predation of reticulated python by king cobra at Sungei Buloh. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021085.


Shin, Y. J., Midgley, G.F., Archer, E.R., Arneth, A., Barnes, D.K., Chan, L., Hashimoto, S., HoeghGuldberg, O., Insarov, G., Leadley, P., Levin, L.A., Ngo, H.T., Pandit, R., Pires, A.P., Pörtner, H.O., Rogers, A.D., Scholes, R.J., Settele, J., & Smith, P. (2022). Actions to halt biodiversity loss generally benefit the climate. Global Change Biology28(9), 2846–2874.


Sia, A.Tan, P.Y., Wong, J.C.M., Araib, S., Ang, W.F., Er, K.B.H. (2022). The impact of gardening on mental resilience in times of stress: A case study during the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 68, 127448.


Sisakhon, K., Chayamarit, K., Wongkantrakorn, N., Middleton, D.J., Kiewbang, W., Salee, W., & Vajrodaya, S. (2021). The genus phyllocyclus (Gentianaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany)49(2), 173–177.


Soh, Z.W.W., Girinandhini, G & Ascher, J.S. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Confirmed occurrence of the resin bee, Megachile butteli, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021108.


Soh, Z.W.W., Ng, M.F.C., Yap, S. & Foo, M. (2021) Biodiversity Record: First Singapore record of the cockroach, Haplosymploce ruficollis, with notes on potential models. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021109.


Soh, Z.W.W. & Wirawan, D. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Leafcutter bee and small carpenter bee feeding on a stinkhorn fungus. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021107.


Stefaner, K., Ghosh, S., Yusof, M.L., Ibrahim, H., Leitgeb, E., Schindlbacher, A. and Kitzler, B. (2021). Soil greenhouse gas fluxes from a humid tropical forest and differently managed urban parkland in Singapore. Science of the Total Environment, 786, 147305.


Strijk, S.J., Hinsinger, D.D., Roeder, M.M., Chatrou, L.W., Couvreur, T.L.P., Erkens, R.H.J., Sauquet, H., Pirie, M.D., Thomas, D.C., & Cao, K. (2021). Chromosome-level reference genome of the Soursop (Annona muricata): A new resource for Magnoliid research and tropical pomology. Molecular Ecology Resources21(5), 1608-1619.


Sun, H.-H., Lee, Y. H., Luo, W., Ow, L.F.Yusof, M. L., & Yucel, A. C. (2021). Dual-cross-polarized GPR measurement method for detection and orientation estimation of shallowly buried elongated object. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement70, 1–12.


Sun, H.-H., Lee, Y.H., Li, C., Ow, L.F.Yusof, M.L., Yucel, A.C. (2021). The Orientation Estimation of Elongated Underground Objects via Multi-Polarization Aggregation and Selection Neural Network. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 19, 1-5.


Sun, H.H., Lee, Y.H., Ow, L.F., & Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). Elongated Object Orientation Estimation Based on Deep Neural Networks. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI)


Sunarti, S., Rugayah, Low, Y.W. & Lucas, E.J. (2022). Syzygium nusatenggaraense (Myrtaceae), a new rainforest tree species with a calyptrate calyx from the Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Telopea, 25, 1-6.


Sungkaew, S., Teerawatananon, A., Goh, W.L., Rattamanee, C., Ohrnberger, D., Xia, N.H. & Wong, K.M. (2021). The ghosts of collections past: Characterisation of Neohouzeaua mekongensis (Bambuseae: Melocanninae) with an epitype. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), 49(1), 142–150.


Tan, D.T., Maiti, R., Tan, Y., Wong, B. Liew, Y., Tan, J., Lee, T.-T.D., Burcham, D. (2022). General Feasibility of Physical Models of Tree Branches. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5, 835930.


Tan, Y.H.J., Cheo, P.R. & Tun, K.P.P. (2021). An inventory of zooxanthellate scleractinian coral diversity at East Coast Park Area B1. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021091.


Tang, Q., Shingate, P., Wardiatno, Y., John, A., Tay, B.H., Tay, Y.C., Yap, L.M., Lim, J., Tong, H.Y.Tun, K., Venkatesh, B., Rheindt, F. (2021) The different fates of two Asian horseshoecrab species with different dispersal abilities. Evolutionary Applications


Teo, Y.K.L., Middleton, D.J. & Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 24: Notes on Theaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1), 29–32.


Toh, X., Ong, J., Chan, C., Teo, X. H., Toh, S., Fernandez, C. J., & Huangfu, T. (2021). First detection of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases69(3), 1521–1528.


Turner, I.M. (2021). An updated synopsis of Ludwigia (Onagraceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia, 20(1), 9–16.


Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 22: typifying Tongkat Ali and other notes on the Simaroubaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 9-16.


Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 23: notes on Ochnaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 17-27.


Turner, I.M. & Jennings, L.V.S. (2021). A new name for an Indonesian Garcinia (Clusiaceae) species with dehiscent fruit. Annales Botanici Fennici, 58(4-6), 361-362.


Turner, I. M., & TriasBlasi, A. (2021). (2814) proposal to conserve the name leea macrophylla against aralia lappifolia ( vitaceae ). TAXON70(2), 445–445.


Vijayaraghavan, K., Biswal, B.K., Adam, M.G., Soh, S.H., Lee, T.-T.D., Davis, A.P., Hoe, C.S., Yok, T.P., Babovic, V., & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Bioretention Systems for Stormwater Management: Recent Advances and Future Prospects. Journal of Environmental Management292, 112766.


Wan, J.M., Mishak, S., Muhammad Fadhli, A.Ng, S.K.W., Lee, R.S.K., & Lim, N.T-L. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Mainland leopard cat in Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021046.


Wang, Y., Tan, S.N., Yusof, M.L.Ghosh, S., & Lam, Y. M. (2022). Assessment of heavy metal and metalloid levels and screening potential of tropical plant species for phytoremediation in Singapore. Environmental Pollution295, 118681.


Wasser, S.K., Wolock, C.J., Kuhner, M.K., Brown III, J.E., Morris, C., Horwitz, R.J., Wong, A., & Fernandez, C.J. et al. (2022). Elephant genotypes reveal the size and connectivity of transnational ivory traffickers. Nature Human Behaviour, 6(3), 371–382.


Xue, B., Wang, G., Zhou, X.-X., Huang, Y., Tong, Y., Li, Y., & Chen, J. (2021). Artabotrys pachypetalus (Annonaceae), a new species from China. PhytoKeys, 178, 71-80.


Yam, T.W. (2022). Breeding with Dendrobium lasianthera at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Malayan Orchid Review, 55, 21-28


Yap, K.L., Soh, M.C.K., Sia, A., Araib, S., Ang, W.P., Chin, W.J., Tan, P.Y., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). The Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Demand for Different Shades of Green. People and Nature, 4(2), 505-518.


Ye, X.-E., Xia, N.-H., Nguyen, Q.B., Tran, H.D., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Taxonomic studies on Amomum and related genera (Zingiberaceae) in China III: Meistera vespertilio, a correct name for a widespread species in China, Laos and Vietnam previously misidentified as M. muricarpaNordic Journal of Botany, 39(6), 1-14.


Yeo, D., Srivathsan, A., Puniamoorthy, J., Maosheng, F., Grootaert, P., Chan, L., Guénard, B., Damken, C., Wahab, R. A., Yuchen, A., & Meier, R. (2021). Mangroves are an overlooked hotspot of insect diversity despite low plant diversity. BMC Biology19(1).


Yeo, R.S.W., Liao, L.M., & Ho, B.-C. (2021). Visia cylindrocellularis: A new record of freshwater red algae (Rhodophyta) in Singapore and extension of its geographical distribution range. Nova Hedwigia, 112 (3-4), 323-333.


Yip, Z.T., Lim, C.S., Tay, Y.C., Tan, Y.H.J., Beng, S., Tun, K., Teo, S.L.M., & Huang, D. (2021). Environmental DNA detection of the invasice mussel Mytella strigata as a surveillance tool. Management of Biological Invasions, 12(3), 578-598.


Yoh, N., Kingston, T., McArthur, E., Aylen, O.E., Huang, J. C.-C., Jinggong, E.R., Khan, F.A.A., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Mitchell, S.L., Bicknell, J.E., & Struebig, M.J. (2022). A machine learning framework to classify Southeast Asian echolocating bats. Ecological Indicators, 136, 108696.


Magazine Articles

Bazilah, I., Ho, B.C. Lee, S. (2021) Collaborators in Research: International researchers working on the Flora of Singapore project. Gardenwise, 57, 26.


Chia, E. (2022). Exploring the origins of a remnant of early ornamental cast ironwork. Gardenwise, 58, 13–15.


Chin, L.L.Koh, T.S., Yong, C., Lua, H.K., Ho, B.C. Chen, L. (2021). Conserving the Woolly Frogsmouth, a native wetland species. Gardenwise, 57, 14–16.


Choo, M. & Whang, L.K. (2021). The new Tropical Montane Orchidetum. Gardenwise, 57, 3–7.


Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2021). The diversity and ethnobotany of the Mango tree family. Gardenwise57, 17–21.


Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2022). The king of fruits: Ethnobotany and diversity of the durians. Gardenwise, 58, 23–26.


Ho, B.C. & Wong, R. (2022). A new record of plant species for Singapore growing on the Lady McNeice tree. Gardenwise, 58, 2–4.


Law, I.S., Law, I.T., Wan, A., Lai, S. & Lim, J. (2022). Monitoring the monitors. Gardenwise, 58, 16–18.


Lee, S. (2021). From the Earth: The sum of its parts. Gardenwise, 57, 27–28.


Lee, S., Middleton, D.J. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Development of new herbarium boxes to ensure the longevity of SING’s collections, to promote our boxes to the world. The Vasculum, 16, 12–18. (


Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Ginger and Its Allies: Etlingera corneri - 'rose' of the tropics. Gardenwise, 57, 29–30.


Lim, J., Lim, J., Lai, S, Ooi, Z.Y., Tang, S., Koh, S., Ng, D. & Rodda, M. (2021). New attractions in the Gallop Extension. Gardenwise, 57, 8–13.


Low, Y.W. (2022). The looped string or woven bags of New Guinea. Gardenwise, 58, 19–22.


Low, Y.W., Bazilah, I. & Whang, L.K. (2021). Around the Gardens: Retirement of a long-time staff member, Zakiah binte Agil. Gardenwise, 57, 40.


Middleton, D.J. (2022). From the Taxonomy Corner: Endemic species in Singapore. Gardenwise, 58, 27–28.


Middleton, D.J. (2021) From the Taxonomy Corner: Conservation Assessments. Gardenwise, 57, 23–25.


Muhammad Taufiq, J., Loe, S. & Tan H.M. (2021). From Education Outreach: Framing nature through photography and botanical art. Gardenwise, 57, 33–35.


Nura, A.K. (2021). Beyond the Gardens: The Human x Nature exhibition, a collaboration with the National Library Board. Gardenwise, 57, 38–39.


Nura, A.K. (2021). What’s Blooming: Heralding new openings with blooms. Gardenwise, 57, 36–37.


Nura, A. K. (2022). What’s Blooming: The Golden Gardenia, a garden showstopper! Gardenwise, 58, 34–35.


Nurul Izzah Binte Taha & Chia, E. (2022). Shorea macroptera, one tree’s legacy. Gardenwise, 58, 5–7.


Rodda, M. (2021). Plant illustrations in black ink. Gardenwise, 57, Back cover.


Rodda, M. (2022). Around the Gardens: Pen and ink illustrations from the Singapore Botanic Gardens Archives. Gardenwise, 58, 38–40.


Rodda, M. (2022). From the Archives: Banks’ Florilegium. Gardenwise, 58, Back cover.


Tan, J. (2022). Around the Gardens: Trees of the World 2021. Gardenwise, 58, 36–37.


Tan, R., & Whang, L.K. (2022). The SGF Hort Show 2021 Orchid Competition. Gardenwise 58, 8–12.


Tan, W.X., & Koh, J. (2021). A landscape architecture collaboration with Singapore Polytechnic. Gardenwise, 57, 22.


Whang, L.K. (2021). Around the Gardens: An award-winning orchid hybrid named for our City in Nature. Gardenwise, 57, 41.


Whang, L.K. (2022). Around the Gardens: Recently named VIP Orchids. Gardenwise, 58, 41.


Wong, W. (2021). Edibles: How to grow leafy vegetables. Gardenwise57, 31–32.


Wong, W. (2022). Edibles: Starting edibles from stem cuttings. Gardenwise, 58, 31–33.


Last updated on 19 April 2024

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