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Research & related resources



Book and Reports

Chan, L., Hillel, O., Werner, P., Holman, N., Coetzee, I., Galt, R., & Elmqvist, T. (2021). Handbook on the Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity (also known as the City Biodiversity Index), CBD Technical Series No. 98. Montreal: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity; and Singapore: National Parks Board.


Portner, H.O., Scholes, R.J., Agard, J., Archer, E., Arneth, A., Bai, X.,Barnes, D., Burrows, M., Chan, L., Cheung, W.L., Diamond, S., Donatti, C., Duarte, C., Eisenhauer, N., Foden, W., Gassalla, M.A., Handa, C., Hickler, T., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Ichii, K., Jacob, U., Insarov, G., Kiessling, W., Leadley, P., Leemans, R., Levin, L., Lim, M., Maharaj, S., Managi, S., Marquet, P.A., McElwee, P., Midgeley, G., Oberdorff, T., Obura, D., Osman, E., Pandit, R., Pascual, U., Pires, A.P.F., Plpp, A., Reyes-Garcia, V., Sankaran, M., Settele, J., Shin, Y.J., Sintayetu, D.W., Smith, P., Steiner, N., Strassburg, B., Sukumar, R., Trisos, C., Val, A.L., Wu, J., Aldrian, E., Parmesan, C., Pichs-Madruga, R., Roberts, D.C., Rogerts, A.D., Diaz, S., Fischer, M., Hashimoto, S., Lavorel, S., Wu, N., Ngo, H.T. (2021) IPBES-IPCC co-sponsored workshop report on biodiversity and climate change.  IPBES and IPCC.



Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore (May and Dec 21)



CITYGREEN issue #19

Gardenwise (Aug 21 and Feb 22)


Book Chapters

Anderson, P.M.L., Potgieter, L.J., Chan, L., Cilliers, S.S. & Nagendran, H. (2021). Urban Plant Diversity: Understanding Informing Processes and Emerging Trends. In: C. M. Shackleton et al. (eds.), Urban Ecology in the Global South, Cities and Nature.  Switzerland: Springer.


Leitgeb, E., Kleine, M., Ibrahim, H., Mohamed, M.F., Lin, D.C.P., Yusof, M.L., Michel, K. and Ghosh, S. (2021). Soil Organic Carbon Stocks in Forests of Singapore. In:  Recarbonizing global soils: a technical manual of recommended management practices. Volume 6: Forestry, Wetlands, Urban Soils – Case-studies, pp.45-53. FAO publication


Philip, V., George, E.R., Ghosh, S., & Yap, M.L. (2021). Nutrient Sufficiency Range of Soils and Plants in Singapore. In Rakshit, A., Singh, S.K., Abhilash, P.C. & Biswas, A. (Eds.), Soil Science: Fundamentals to Recent Advances, pp. 669-681. Singapore: Springer.


Yong, E. et al. [69 collaborators including Tun, K.] (2021). Chapter 7. Status and trends of coral reefs of the East Asian Seas region. In: Souter, D., Planes, S., Wicquart, J., Logan, M., Obura, D. & Staub, F. (eds.) Status of coral reefs of the world: 2020, pp. 1–12.


Conservation Assessments

Choo, L.M. (2021). S. echinocalyx. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T169257616A169257676


Choo, L.M. (2021). S. siamensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T33242A2835471


Choo, L.M. (2021). S. wallichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T62027980A62027992.


Ganesan, S.K. & Barstow, M. (2021). Gluta malayana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182091770A184586924.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). B. arborescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983514A61983516


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). B. sessifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T181861404A184586919.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Bouea oppositifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T181759052A184586914.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). C. auriculatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983599A61983601


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). C. squamatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983653A61983655.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Dracontomelon dao. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983677A61983680.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Gluta wallichii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61983828A61983831.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. angustifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T194362008A194362027.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. auriculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T194361991A194362022.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. bracteata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361987A194362017.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. caesia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T31403A184586784.A148


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. caesia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361980A194362012.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. foetida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T31392A67735676.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. indica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T31389A67735735.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. lagenifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T32124A184586841.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). M. subsessilifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T32999A184586880.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. insignis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021:  e.T61984071A61984073.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. maingayi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182094223A184586934.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). P. paucijuga. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T182094093A184586929


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Semecarpus heterophyllus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T194361953A194361965.


Ganesan, S.K. (2021). Swintonia schwenckii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T61984296A61984302.


Journal Articles

Ahmad, R.P.P., Zulfadli, Rahayu, S., & Rodda, M. (2021). Two new species of Hoya (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) From Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Phytotaxa, 502, 79-85.


Ardi, W.H., Girmansyah, D., Zulfadli, & Thomas, D.C. (2021). Begonia willemii (Begoniaceae), a new species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Taiwania, 66(3), 374-377.


Arshed, M.J, Callado, R.J., Tandang, D., Agoo, E.M. & Rodda, M. (2021). The taxonomy of Dischidia ruscifolia (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), and the description of a new species, Dischidia argentii. Taiwania, 66(4), 496‒503.


Arshed, M.J., Tandang, D., Amoroso, V., Agoo, E.M., & Rodda, M. (2021). A new species of Dischidia (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) from Mindanao Philippines, and rediscovery and lectotypifiction of Dischidia elmeri. Nordic Journal of Botany, 39(7).


Ascher, J.S., Soh, Z.W.W., Chui, S.X., Soh, E.J.Y., Ho, B.M., Lee, J.X.Q., & Ong, X.R. (2022). The bees of Singapore (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila): first comprehensive country checklist and conservation for a Southeast Asian bee fauna. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 70, 39–64.


Bates, A.E., Primack, R.B., et al. [347 authors, including Soh, M.C.K., B.X.K., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Loo, A.H.B. & Er, K.B.H.] (2021) Global COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment. Biological Conservation.


Biswal, B.K., Vijayaraghavan, K., Adam, M.G., Lee, T.-T.D., Davis, A.P., & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Biological nitrogen removal from stormwater in bioretention cells: A critical review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 1-23.


Bitencourt, C., Nürk, N.M., Rapini, A., Fishbein, M., Simões, A.O., Middleton, D.J., Meve, U., Endress, M.E., & Liede-Schumann, S. (2021). Evolution of dispersal, habit, and pollination in Africa pushed Apocynaceae diversification after the eocene-oligocene climate transition. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9.


Cai, Z.-Y., Zhou, X.-X., Wong, K.-M., & Xia, N.-H. (2021). Gelidocalamus fengkaiensis (Poaceae: Bambusoideae), a new bamboo species from Guangdong, China, with an analysis of branch development in relation to flowering. Botanical studies, 62(1).


Cheek, M.D., Boon, R.G.C., Wong, K.M., & Hadebea, M. (2021). Assessment of the degree of establishment of five introduced Melastomataceae taxa in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 142, 502–508.


Chen, C.-W., Lindsay, S., Middleton, D.J., Cicuzza, D. & Schuettpelz, E. (2021). New combinations and typifications in Haplopteris (Pteridaceae: Vittarioideae). Kew Bulletin, 76(2), 322-326.


Chen, J., Ng, X.Y., Lim, R.C.J., Lua, H.K., & Saunders, R. M. K. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 28: Taxonomic and nomenclatural clarification of Kadsura Species (Schisandraceae) in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 293–306.


Chen, L.M.J, Ong, K.H., Lua, H.K., Yeo, R.S.W., Chua, K.S., Tan, B.H., Choo, L.M., Koh, S.L., & Ho, B.C. (2021). Additions to the Flora of Singapore: New and overlooked records of casual and naturalised plant species (5). Nature In Singapore, 14: e2021090.


Chen, L.M.J., Yong, C.H.C., Lua, H.K., & Ho, B.C. (2021). Rediscovery of the ‘Woolly Frogsmouth’, Philydrum lanuginosum Banks ex Gaertn. (Philydraceae), in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021040.


Chong, K.Y., Hung, S., Koh, C.Y., Lim, C.J., Loh, J.W., Neo, L., Seah, W.W., Tan, S.Y., and Tan, H.T.W. (2021). Waterlogging and soil but not seedling competition structure tree communities in a catchment containing a tropical freshwater swamp forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(5).


Chong, K.Y., Corlett, R.T., Nuñez, M., Chiu, J.H., Courchamp, F., Dawson, W., Kuebbing, S., Liebhold, A.M., Padmanaba, M., Souza, L., Andersen, K.M., Fei, S., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Lum, S., Luskin, M., Ngo, K.M., & Wardle, D.A. (2021). Are terrestrial biological invasions different in the tropics? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 52(1), 291-314.


Chong, S.M., Douay, G., Heng, Y., Chng, Y.R., Tay, Y.H., & Wong, W.K. (2022). Fatal Chryseobacterium indologenes infection in a captive red-shanked Douc langur (Pygathrix nemaeus). Journal of Medical Primatology.


Choo, L.M. (2021). Bianceae scabrida, a new species of the Caesalpinia group (Fabaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Phytotaxa, 525(4), 251–257.


Choo, L. M., Loo, A. H. B., Yeoh, Y. S., Ng, X. Y., Ang, W. F., & Er, K.B.H. (2021). Phanera ferruginea var. griffithiana (Fabaceae, Cercidoideae): resolving the status of a lesser-known climbing legume in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 253–266.


Choo, L.M., Loo, A.H.B., Ang, W.F., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). A natural hybrid of Sindora (Fabaceae, Deltarioideae) from Singapore. PhytoKeys, 190, 87-102.


Choo, L.M., Ng, X.Y. & Lua, H.K. (2022). Rediscovery and lectotypification of a native vine, Plukenetia corniculata Sm. (Euphorbiaceae) in Singapore. Nature In Singapore, 15: e2022001.


Cvetkovic, T., Areces-Berazain, F., Hinsinger, D.D., Thomas, D.C., Wieringa, J.J., Ganesan, S.K. & Strijk, J.S. (2021). Phylogenomics resolves deep subfamilial relationships in Malvaceae s.l. G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, 11(7).


Cvetković, T., Hinsinger, D. D., Thomas, D. C., Wieringa, J. J., Velautham, E., & Strijk, J. S. (2022). Phylogenomics and a revised tribal classification of subfamily Dipterocarpoideae (Dipterocarpaceae). TAXON, 71(1), 85–102.


Dai, Q.Q., Lee, Y.H., Sun, H.H., Ow, L.F., & Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). A Deep Learning Scheme for Rapidly Reconstructing 3D Permittivity Maps from GPR C-scans. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI).


Davranoglou, L.-R., Matsumoto, K., Soh, Z. W. W. & Kempton, J. (2021). New records and ecological observations on Greek cave crickets (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae). Journal of Natural History, 55(1-2), 1-13.


de Mesquita Souza Saraiva, M., Lim, K., do Monte, D. F., Givisiez, P. E., Alves, L. B., de Freitas Neto, O. C., Kariuki, S., Júnior, A. B., de Oliveira, C. J., & Gebreyes, W. A. (2021). Antimicrobial resistance in the globalized food chain: A one health perspective applied to the poultry industry. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 53(1), 465–486.


Deshmukh, U.B, Majumdar, S. & Ho, B.-C. (2022). Daltonia hookeriana, a new name for Daltonia heterophylla (Wilson ex Mitt.) B.C.Ho & L.Pokorny (Daltoniaceae, Bryophyta). Phytotaxa, 538(1), 84–86.


Fung, T.K., Richards, D.R., Leong, R.A.T., Ghosh, S., Tan, C.W.J., Drillet, Z., Leong, K.L., & Edwards, P.J. (2021). Litter decomposition and infiltration capacities in soils of different tropical urban land covers. Urban Ecosystems, 25(1), 21-34.


Gardner, E. M., & Zerega, N. J. C. (2021). Taxonomic updates to Artocarpus subgenus Artocarpus (Moraceae) and allied taxa with a particular focus on the species native to Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 309–374.


Gardner, E. M., Arifiani, D., & Zerega, N. J. C. (2021). Artocarpus bergii (Moraceae), a new species in the breadfruit clade from the Moluccas. Systematic Botany, 46(1), 91–95.


Gardner, E.M. (2021). Colonial botany and the shifting identity of Balanostreblus ilicifolius Kurz (Moraceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 221-235.


Gardner, E.M., Audi, L., Zhang, Q., Sauquet, H., Monro, A., & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Phylogenomics of Brosimum Sw. (Moraceae) and allied genera, including a revised subgeneric system. TAXON.   


Gardner, E.M., Garner, M., Cowan, R., Dodsworth, S., Epitawalage, N., Arifiani, D., Sahromi, S., Baker, W.J., Forest, F., Maurin, O., Zerega, N.J.C., Monro, A. & Hipp, A.L. (2021). Repeated parallel losses of inflexed stamens in Moraceae: phylogenomics and generic revision of the tribe Moreae and the reinstatement of the tribe Olmedieae (Moraceae). TAXON, 70(5): 946–988.


Gardner, E.M., Johnson, M.G., Pereira, J.T., Puad, A.S.A., Wickett, N.J. & Zerega, N.J.C. (2021). Paralogs and off-target sequences improve phylogenetic resolution in a densely sampled study of the breadfruit genus (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Systematic Biology, 70(3), 558–575.


Gobeawan, L., Lin, S. E., Liu, X., Wong, S. T., Lim, C. W., Gaw, Y.-F. L., Wong, N. H., Tan, P. Y., Tan, C. L., & He, Y. (2021). IFC-centric vegetation modelling for bim. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, VIII-4/W2-2021, 91–98.


Hamdany, A.H., Shen, Y., Satyanaga, A., Rahardjo, H., Lee, T.-T. D., & Nong, X. (2022). Field instrumentation for real-time measurement of soil-water characteristic curve. International Soil and Water Conservation Research.


Ho, B. C., & Sukkharak, P. (2021). Thysananthus ciliaris (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta), a rare species new to Singapore from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 237–244.


Ho, B.C., Yeo, R.S.W. & Chen, L.M.J. (2021). A review of Desmodium s.l. (Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoideae) in Singapore and nomenclature updates in the Malay Peninsula. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 49– 80.


Ho, X.Y., Katemeran, N.P., Deignan, L.K., Phyo, M.N., Ong, J.F.M., Goh, J., X., Ng, J.Y., Tun, K. & Tan, L.T. (2021). Assessing the diversity and biomedical potential of microbes associated with the Neptune's Cup Sponge, Cliona patera. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12.


Hroneš, M., Leong-Škorničková, J., Niissalo, M.A. & M. Dančák (in press). Hanguana deflexa (Hanguanaceae), a new species from Sarawak, Borneo. Phytokeys, 181, 9-19.


Jamil, Z. (2021). New Palms for Singapore's Landscapes. Palms, 65(4), 193 - 201.


Khoo, M. D. Y., Lim, B. T. M., Soh, M. C. K., Loy, R. H. Y., Lua, H. K., Lee, B. P. Y.-H., Loo, A. H. B., & Er, K. B. H. (2021). Persistence of a locally endangered mouse-deer amidst the re-emergence of two larger ungulates in small urban rainforest fragments. Global Ecology and Conservation, 30.


Khoo, M.D.Y., Soh, M.C.K. & Lee, B.P.Y.-H. (2021) Raffles’ banded langur at Dairy Farm Nature Park. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021059.


Kong, E., Khoo, M., Wong, J.W., Wong, S. & Low, B.W. (2021) Observations on the behaviour and diet of the Harlequin Taxila haquinus haquinus Fabricius 1793 (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) in Singapore. Tropical Lepidoptera Research, 31, 22-31.


Kotze, J., Ghosh, S., Hui, N., Jumpponen, A., Lee, Y-. H.B., Lu, C., Lum, S., Pouyat, R., Szlavecz, K., Wardle, D., Yesilonis, I., Zheng, B. and Setälä, H. (2021). Urbanization minimises the effects of plant traits on soil provisioned ecosystem services across climatic regions. Global Change Biology, 27(17), 4139-4153.


Kurzweil, H., Watthana, S., & Ormerod, P. (2021). Orchidaceae. In: Fujikawa et al. (eds.), Taxonomic Enumeration of Natma Taung National Park, Vol. 2. Makinoa New Series, Supplement Issue: 1-124


Lam, W. N., Chan, P. J., Ting, Y. Y., Sim, H. J., Lian, J. J., Chong, R., Rahman, N. E., Tan, L. W., Ho, Q. Y., Chiam, Z., Arora, S., Lai, H. R., Ramchunder, S. J., Peh, K. S.-H., Cai, Y., & Chong, K. Y. (2021). Habitat adaptation mediates the influence of leaf traits on canopy productivity: Evidence from a tropical freshwater swamp forest. Ecosystems.


Lee, S.M.L., Er, K.B.H., Loo, A.H.B., & Ang, W.F. (2021). Rediscovery of the Sculptured Toadstool, Amanita sculpta (Amanitaceae) in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1):1–7.


Leong, P. K. F., & Lua, H. K. (2021). Ficus subulata, a new record for Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 245–251.


Leong-Škorničková, J., Lamb, A., Linton, J. & L. Gokusing. (2021). Six new Orchidantha species (Lowiaceae) from Borneo. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 179-202.


Lim, K., Tan, A., Ho, K., Sng, W., Lim, H. P., Chan, C., Toh, X., Ong, J., Chang, S. F., & Fernandez, C. J. (2021). Resolution of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2; Lagovirus Europeus gi.2) outbreak in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.


Lim, K., & Xie, S. (2021). Application of epidemiology and principles of Herd/Flock Health for the exotic animal veterinarian. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, 24(3), 495–507.


Lindsay, S., & Middleton, D.J. (2021). Nomenclatural and taxonomic clarifications in Amblovenatum (Thelypteridaceae). Kew Bulletin, 76(2), 317–321.


Lindsay, S., & Middleton, D.J. (2021). (2836) proposal to conserve the name asplenium arifolium ( hemionitis arifolia , parahemionitis arifolia ) ( pteridaceae ) with a conserved type. TAXON, 70(5), 1133–1134.


Low, D.H.W., Hitch, A., Skiles, M.M., Borthwick, S.A., Neves, E.S., Lim, Z.X., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Su, Y.C.F., Smith, G.J.D., Mendenhall, I.H. (2021). Host specificity of Hepatocystis infection in short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus brachyotis) in Singapore. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 15, 35-42.


Low, J.K.Y., & Chew NKM, 2021. Biodiversity Record: Spotted sand-diver, Trichonotus setiger, off Sisters Islands. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021075.


Low, J.K.Y., & Jaafar Z, 2021. Biodiversity Record: Recent record of queenfish, Scomberoides tol, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021036.


Luo, W.H., Sun, H. H., Lee, Y.H., Ow, L.F., & Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). Tree Root Positioning in Heterogeneous Soil Environment Using GPR. 2021 IEEE USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (Joint with AP-S Symposium).


Ly, N.S., Do, D.G., Cao, N.G., Truong, B.V., Nguyen, V.T., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Zingiber magang and Z. tamii (Zingiberaceae, two new species from central Vietnam. Taiwania 66(2), 232-240.


Maurin, O., Anest, A., Bellot, S., Biffin, E., Brewer, G., Charles-Dominique, T., Cowan, R.S, Dodsworth, S., Epitawalage, N., Gallego, B., Giaretta, A., Goldenberg, R., Gonçalves, D.J.P., Graham, S., Hoch, P., Mazine, F., Low, Y.W., McGinnie, C., Michelangeli, F.A., Morris, S., Penneys, D.S., Pérez Escobar, O.A., Pillon, Y., Pokorny, L., Shimizu, G., Staggemeier, V.G., Thornhill, A.H., Tomlinson, K.W., Turner, I.M., Vasconcelos, T., Wilson, P.G., Zuntini, A.R., Baker, W.J., Forest, F., Lucas, E. (2021). A nuclear phylogenomic study of the angiosperm order Myrtales, exploring the potential and limitations of the universal Angiosperms353 probe set. American Journal of Botany, 108(7), 1087-1111.


Middleton, D.J., Bertling, M,, McNeill, J. & Möller, M. (2021). Proposal to conserve the name Tetraphyllum Griff. ex C.B. Clarke (Gesneriaceae) against Tetraphyllum Hosius & Marck (published as fossil Magnoliophyta). Taxon, 70(2), 437–438.


Middleton, D.J., Nguyễn, Q. B., Trần, H. Đ., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). A new species of raphiocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Vietnam. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 78, 1–4.


Middleton, D.J., Thant Shin, & Baba, Y. (2021). A new species of Petrocosmea (Gesneriaceae) from Myanmar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 457–460.


Neo, L., Tan, H. T.W., & Wong, K. M. (2021). Too little, too late? conservation exigencies for Borneo inferred from biogeographic considerations of its endemic plant genera against intense landscape modifications. Biodiversity and Conservation, 31(1), 59–76.


Neo, L., Tan, H.T.W., & Wong, K.M. (2021). Centres of endemism in Borneo and their environmental correlates revealed by endemic plant genera. Flora, 285, 151966.


Ng, X.Y., Lua, H.K., Boo, C.M., and Lim, R.C.J. (2021). Status and distribution of Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021039.


Ng, X.Y., Pannell, C.M., Ang, W.F., Loo A.H.B.and Er. K.B.H. (2021) Status and distribution of Aglaia multinervis Pannell in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021049.


Ngiam, R.W.J., Chan, J.P.S., Khoo, M.D.Y., Kong, E.Y.L., & Low, B.W. (2021). Description of the larva of Brachygonia oculata (Brauer, 1878) (Odonata: Libellulidae) with notes on rearing technique. Zootaxa, 4966(5), 563-570.


Nguyen, N.T.H., Friess, D.A., Todd, P.A., Mazor, T., Lovelock, C.E., Lowe, R., Gilmour, J., Chou, L.M., Bhatia, N., Jaafar, Z., Tun, K., Yaakub, S.M, & Huang, D.W. (2022). Maximising resilience to sea-level rise in urban coastal ecosystems through systematic conservation planning. Landscape and Urban Planning, 221, 104374.


Niissalo, M.A. & Choo, L.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors 25: Taxonomic notes on new discoveries from Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, including two native genera newly recorded. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 33-48.


Niissalo, M. A., Gardner, E. M., Khew, G. S., Šída, O., Poulsen, A. D., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2022). Whence came these plants most foul? phylogenomics and biogeography of Lowiaceae (Zingiberales). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9.


Oh, R. R., Fielding, K. S., Chang, C.-C., Nghiem, L. T., Tan, C. L., Quazi, S. A., Shanahan, D. F., Gaston, K. J., Carrasco, R. L., & Fuller, R. A. (2021). Health and wellbeing benefits from nature experiences in tropical settings depend on strength of connection to nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(19), 10149.


Ow, L.F., & Chan, E. (2021). Deffering waterlogging through stormwater control and channelling of runoff. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 65, 127351.


Ow-Yong, W.L., Todd, P.A., Ang, A.C.F., Ying, L.S.M., Teo., Lee, S.H.R., Low, J., & Neo, M.L. (2022). Fluted giant clam (Tridacna squamosa) restocking experiment in an urban turbid reef environment. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 32(4), 633-644.


Park, S.H., Petrunoff, N.A., Wang, N.X., van Dam, R.M., Sia, A., Tan, C.S., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Daily park use, physical activity, and psychological stress: A study using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment amongst a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 22, 100440.


Patil, S., Shinde, R.D., Leong‐Škorničková, J., & Chaudhari, R. (2021). Fixing stray traditions in gingers: The identity and nomenclatural history of zingiber neesanum and other entwined names. TAXON, 70(6), 1339–1351.


Petrunoff, N.A., Edney, S., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B.L., Joel, K.R., Xin, W.N., Sia, A., Leong, D., van Dam, R. M., Cook, A.R., Sallis, J.F., Chandrabose, M., Owen, N., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2022). Associations of park features with park use and park-based physical activity in an urban environment in Asia: A cross-sectional study. Health & Place, 75, 102790.


Petrunoff, N.A., Yi, N.X., Dickens, B., Sia, A., Koo, J., Cook, A.R., Lin, W.H., Ying, L., Hsing, A.W., van Dam, R.M., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2021). Associations of Park Access, park use and physical activity in parks with wellbeing in an Asian urban environment: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 18(1).


Phang, A. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 27: Typifications in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae) and the resurrection of dioscorea tenuifolia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(2), 279–292.


Rahayu, S., & Rodda, M. (2021). Hoya buntokensis (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae), a new myrmecophytic species, and Hoya wallichii subsp. tenebrosa, a new subspecies from Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 66(3), 236-241.


Ramchunder, S. J., Voutchkova, D. D., Estrada, E. S., Chuah, C. J., Evaristo, J., Ng, D., Cai, Y., Koh, R. Y., & Ziegler, A. D. (2022). Flowpath influence on stream acid events in tropical urban streams in Singapore. Hydrological Processes, 36(1).


Randi, A., Wijedasa, L., & Thomas, D.C. (2022). Disepalum rawagambut (Annonaceae), a new tree species from Peat Swamp Forest of sumatra, Indonesia. Phytotaxa, 530(1), 121–126.


Randi, A., Wijedasa, L.S., Boyce, P.C., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Two new species of Hanguana (Hanguanaceae) from Kalimantan, Indonesia. Blumea – Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 66(1), 101-105.


Rodda, M., & Niissalo, M.A. (2021). Plastome Evolution and organisation in the Hoya Group (Apocynaceae). Scientific Reports, 11(1).


Sankar, A., Chakranorty, D., Law, I.T., Yap, S., Tan. J. (2021). Biodiversity Record: Predation of reticulated python by king cobra at Sungei Buloh. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021085.


Shin, Y. J., Midgley, G.F., Archer, E.R., Arneth, A., Barnes, D.K., Chan, L., Hashimoto, S., Hoegh‐Guldberg, O., Insarov, G., Leadley, P., Levin, L.A., Ngo, H.T., Pandit, R., Pires, A.P., Pörtner, H.O., Rogers, A.D., Scholes, R.J., Settele, J., & Smith, P. (2022). Actions to halt biodiversity loss generally benefit the climate. Global Change Biology, 28(9), 2846–2874.


Sia, A., Tan, P.Y., Wong, J.C.M., Araib, S., Ang, W.F., Er, K.B.H. (2022). The impact of gardening on mental resilience in times of stress: A case study during the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 68, 127448.


Sisakhon, K., Chayamarit, K., Wongkantrakorn, N., Middleton, D.J., Kiewbang, W., Salee, W., & Vajrodaya, S. (2021). The genus phyllocyclus (Gentianaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), 49(2), 173–177.


Soh, Z.W.W., Girinandhini, G & Ascher, J.S. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Confirmed occurrence of the resin bee, Megachile butteli, in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021108.


Soh, Z.W.W., Ng, M.F.C., Yap, S. & Foo, M. (2021) Biodiversity Record: First Singapore record of the cockroach, Haplosymploce ruficollis, with notes on potential models. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021109.


Soh, Z.W.W. & Wirawan, D. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Leafcutter bee and small carpenter bee feeding on a stinkhorn fungus. Nature in Singapore, 14, e2021107.


Stefaner, K., Ghosh, S., Yusof, M.L., Ibrahim, H., Leitgeb, E., Schindlbacher, A. and Kitzler, B. (2021). Soil greenhouse gas fluxes from a humid tropical forest and differently managed urban parkland in Singapore. Science of the Total Environment, 786, 147305.


Strijk, S.J., Hinsinger, D.D., Roeder, M.M., Chatrou, L.W., Couvreur, T.L.P., Erkens, R.H.J., Sauquet, H., Pirie, M.D., Thomas, D.C., & Cao, K. (2021). Chromosome-level reference genome of the Soursop (Annona muricata): A new resource for Magnoliid research and tropical pomology. Molecular Ecology Resources, 21(5), 1608-1619.


Sun, H.-H., Lee, Y. H., Luo, W., Ow, L.F., Yusof, M. L., & Yucel, A. C. (2021). Dual-cross-polarized GPR measurement method for detection and orientation estimation of shallowly buried elongated object. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 70, 1–12.


Sun, H.-H., Lee, Y.H., Li, C., Ow, L.F., Yusof, M.L., Yucel, A.C. (2021). The Orientation Estimation of Elongated Underground Objects via Multi-Polarization Aggregation and Selection Neural Network. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 19, 1-5.


Sun, H.H., Lee, Y.H., Ow, L.F., & Yusof, M.L., & Yucel, A.C. (2021). Elongated Object Orientation Estimation Based on Deep Neural Networks. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (APS/URSI).


Sunarti, S., Rugayah, Low, Y.W. & Lucas, E.J. (2022). Syzygium nusatenggaraense (Myrtaceae), a new rainforest tree species with a calyptrate calyx from the Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Telopea, 25, 1-6.


Sungkaew, S., Teerawatananon, A., Goh, W.L., Rattamanee, C., Ohrnberger, D., Xia, N.H. & Wong, K.M. (2021). The ghosts of collections past: Characterisation of Neohouzeaua mekongensis (Bambuseae: Melocanninae) with an epitype. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), 49(1), 142–150.


Tan, D.T., Maiti, R., Tan, Y., Wong, B. Liew, Y., Tan, J., Lee, T.-T.D., Burcham, D. (2022). General Feasibility of Physical Models of Tree Branches. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5, 835930.


Tan, Y.H.J., Cheo, P.R. & Tun, K.P.P. (2021). An inventory of zooxanthellate scleractinian coral diversity at East Coast Park Area B1. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021091.


Tang, Q., Shingate, P., Wardiatno, Y., John, A., Tay, B.H., Tay, Y.C., Yap, L.M., Lim, J., Tong, H.Y., Tun, K., Venkatesh, B., Rheindt, F. (2021) The different fates of two Asian horseshoecrab species with different dispersal abilities. Evolutionary Applications.


Teo, Y.K.L., Middleton, D.J. & Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 24: Notes on Theaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 73(1), 29–32.


Toh, X., Ong, J., Chan, C., Teo, X. H., Toh, S., Fernandez, C. J., & Huangfu, T. (2021). First detection of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) in Singapore. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 69(3), 1521–1528.


Turner, I.M. (2021). An updated synopsis of Ludwigia (Onagraceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia, 20(1), 9–16.


Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 22: typifying Tongkat Ali and other notes on the Simaroubaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 9-16.


Turner, I.M. (2021). Flora of Singapore precursors, 23: notes on Ochnaceae in Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 73(1), 17-27.


Turner, I.M. & Jennings, L.V.S. (2021). A new name for an Indonesian Garcinia (Clusiaceae) species with dehiscent fruit. Annales Botanici Fennici, 58(4-6), 361-362.


Turner, I. M., & Trias‐Blasi, A. (2021). (2814) proposal to conserve the name leea macrophylla against aralia lappifolia ( vitaceae ). TAXON, 70(2), 445–445.


Vijayaraghavan, K., Biswal, B.K., Adam, M.G., Soh, S.H., Lee, T.-T.D., Davis, A.P., Hoe, C.S., Yok, T.P., Babovic, V., & Balasubramanian, R. (2021). Bioretention Systems for Stormwater Management: Recent Advances and Future Prospects. Journal of Environmental Management, 292, 112766.


Wan, J.M., Mishak, S., Muhammad Fadhli, A., Ng, S.K.W., Lee, R.S.K., & Lim, N.T-L. (2021) Biodiversity Record: Mainland leopard cat in Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve. Nature in Singapore, 14: e2021046.


Wang, Y., Tan, S.N., Yusof, M.L., Ghosh, S., & Lam, Y. M. (2022). Assessment of heavy metal and metalloid levels and screening potential of tropical plant species for phytoremediation in Singapore. Environmental Pollution, 295, 118681.


Wasser, S.K., Wolock, C.J., Kuhner, M.K., Brown III, J.E., Morris, C., Horwitz, R.J., Wong, A., & Fernandez, C.J. et al. (2022). Elephant genotypes reveal the size and connectivity of transnational ivory traffickers. Nature Human Behaviour, 6(3), 371–382.


Xue, B., Wang, G., Zhou, X.-X., Huang, Y., Tong, Y., Li, Y., & Chen, J. (2021). Artabotrys pachypetalus (Annonaceae), a new species from China. PhytoKeys, 178, 71-80.


Yam, T.W. (2022). Breeding with Dendrobium lasianthera at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Malayan Orchid Review, 55, 21-28


Yap, K.L., Soh, M.C.K., Sia, A., Araib, S., Ang, W.P., Chin, W.J., Tan, P.Y., & Er, K.B.H. (2022). The Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Demand for Different Shades of Green. People and Nature, 4(2), 505-518.


Ye, X.-E., Xia, N.-H., Nguyen, Q.B., Tran, H.D., & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Taxonomic studies on Amomum and related genera (Zingiberaceae) in China III: Meistera vespertilio, a correct name for a widespread species in China, Laos and Vietnam previously misidentified as M. muricarpa. Nordic Journal of Botany, 39(6), 1-14.


Yeo, D., Srivathsan, A., Puniamoorthy, J., Maosheng, F., Grootaert, P., Chan, L., Guénard, B., Damken, C., Wahab, R. A., Yuchen, A., & Meier, R. (2021). Mangroves are an overlooked hotspot of insect diversity despite low plant diversity. BMC Biology, 19(1).


Yeo, R.S.W., Liao, L.M., & Ho, B.-C. (2021). Visia cylindrocellularis: A new record of freshwater red algae (Rhodophyta) in Singapore and extension of its geographical distribution range. Nova Hedwigia, 112 (3-4), 323-333.


Yip, Z.T., Lim, C.S., Tay, Y.C., Tan, Y.H.J., Beng, S., Tun, K., Teo, S.L.M., & Huang, D. (2021). Environmental DNA detection of the invasice mussel Mytella strigata as a surveillance tool. Management of Biological Invasions, 12(3), 578-598.


Yoh, N., Kingston, T., McArthur, E., Aylen, O.E., Huang, J. C.-C., Jinggong, E.R., Khan, F.A.A., Lee, B.P.Y.-H., Mitchell, S.L., Bicknell, J.E., & Struebig, M.J. (2022). A machine learning framework to classify Southeast Asian echolocating bats. Ecological Indicators, 136, 108696.


Magazine Articles

Bazilah, I., Ho, B.C. & Lee, S. (2021) Collaborators in Research: International researchers working on the Flora of Singapore project. Gardenwise, 57, 26.


Chia, E. (2022). Exploring the origins of a remnant of early ornamental cast ironwork. Gardenwise, 58, 13–15.


Chin, L.L., Koh, T.S., Yong, C., Lua, H.K., Ho, B.C. & Chen, L. (2021). Conserving the Woolly Frogsmouth, a native wetland species. Gardenwise, 57, 14–16.


Choo, M. & Whang, L.K. (2021). The new Tropical Montane Orchidetum. Gardenwise, 57, 3–7.


Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2021). The diversity and ethnobotany of the Mango tree family. Gardenwise, 57, 17–21.


Ganesan, S.K. & Neo, L. (2022). The king of fruits: Ethnobotany and diversity of the durians. Gardenwise, 58, 23–26.


Ho, B.C. & Wong, R. (2022). A new record of plant species for Singapore growing on the Lady McNeice tree. Gardenwise, 58, 2–4.


Law, I.S., Law, I.T., Wan, A., Lai, S. & Lim, J. (2022). Monitoring the monitors. Gardenwise, 58, 16–18.


Lee, S. (2021). From the Earth: The sum of its parts. Gardenwise, 57, 27–28.


Lee, S., Middleton, D.J. & Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Development of new herbarium boxes to ensure the longevity of SING’s collections, to promote our boxes to the world. The Vasculum, 16, 12–18. (


Leong-Škorničková, J. (2021). Ginger and Its Allies: Etlingera corneri - 'rose' of the tropics. Gardenwise, 57, 29–30.


Lim, J., Lim, J., Lai, S, Ooi, Z.Y., Tang, S., Koh, S., Ng, D. & Rodda, M. (2021). New attractions in the Gallop Extension. Gardenwise, 57, 8–13.


Low, Y.W. (2022). The looped string or woven bags of New Guinea. Gardenwise, 58, 19–22.


Low, Y.W., Bazilah, I. & Whang, L.K. (2021). Around the Gardens: Retirement of a long-time staff member, Zakiah binte Agil. Gardenwise, 57, 40.


Middleton, D.J. (2022). From the Taxonomy Corner: Endemic species in Singapore. Gardenwise, 58, 27–28.


Middleton, D.J. (2021) From the Taxonomy Corner: Conservation Assessments. Gardenwise, 57, 23–25.


Muhammad Taufiq, J., Loe, S. & Tan H.M. (2021). From Education Outreach: Framing nature through photography and botanical art. Gardenwise, 57, 33–35.


Nura, A.K. (2021). Beyond the Gardens: The Human x Nature exhibition, a collaboration with the National Library Board. Gardenwise, 57, 38–39.


Nura, A.K. (2021). What’s Blooming: Heralding new openings with blooms. Gardenwise, 57, 36–37.


Nura, A. K. (2022). What’s Blooming: The Golden Gardenia, a garden showstopper! Gardenwise, 58, 34–35.


Nurul Izzah Binte Taha & Chia, E. (2022). Shorea macroptera, one tree’s legacy. Gardenwise, 58, 5–7.


Rodda, M. (2021). Plant illustrations in black ink. Gardenwise, 57, Back cover.


Rodda, M. (2022). Around the Gardens: Pen and ink illustrations from the Singapore Botanic Gardens Archives. Gardenwise, 58, 38–40.


Rodda, M. (2022). From the Archives: Banks’ Florilegium. Gardenwise, 58, Back cover.


Tan, J. (2022). Around the Gardens: Trees of the World 2021. Gardenwise, 58, 36–37.


Tan, R., & Whang, L.K. (2022). The SGF Hort Show 2021 Orchid Competition. Gardenwise 58, 8–12.


Tan, W.X., & Koh, J. (2021). A landscape architecture collaboration with Singapore Polytechnic. Gardenwise, 57, 22.


Whang, L.K. (2021). Around the Gardens: An award-winning orchid hybrid named for our City in Nature. Gardenwise, 57, 41.


Whang, L.K. (2022). Around the Gardens: Recently named VIP Orchids. Gardenwise, 58, 41.


Wong, W. (2021). Edibles: How to grow leafy vegetables. Gardenwise, 57, 31–32.


Wong, W. (2022). Edibles: Starting edibles from stem cuttings. Gardenwise, 58, 31–33.

Last updated on 23 May 2022

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