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Species List (Red Data Book List)

Despite having only a total land area of 728 sq km, Singapore is home to a significant array of plant and animal species. Click on the links below to learn more.

The Red Data Book is a publication which provides information such as the scientific and common names, IUCN global status, national conservation status and description, of each plant and animal species that has been recorded from Singapore. The second edition of the Singapore Red Data Book is the latest version and was published in 2008.

The national conservation status of the plant and animal species of Singapore were assessed by taxonomic experts drawn from academia, civil society and the government. The national conservation status lists of threatened species, also known as The Red Lists, are to be compiled and written up into a third edition Red Data Book. The Red Lists of various taxonomic groups can be found in the lists below.

We are in the midst of updating the Singapore Red Lists.


Photo credit: Padina sp. by Michelle Lee Ai Chin



Photo credit: Aiki Yamada

  Aquatic Bug (Freshwater) 
  Arthropod (Miscellaneous)

Photo credit: Vesbius purpureus by Hwang Wei Song

Assassin Bug 
Bee  Bee 

Photo credit: Luciola singapura by Shivaram Rasu

cnidaria  Cnidaria 


Photo credit: Icon star by Jeffrey Low Kim Yew





Photo credit: Diptera_Diopsidae-Teleopsis_dalmanni by Marcus Ng



Photo credit: Macrobrachium pilimanus by Cai Yixiong

Freshwater Decapod
  Freshwater Fish


Photo credit: Physalacriaceae cyptotrama asprata by Serena Lee


Photo credit: Fairy Tubeworm by Tan Heok Hui

Marine Annelida

Photo credit: Ng PKL and Ng PYC

Marine Decapod and Horseshoe Crab

Photo credit: Bluering Angelfish by Jeffrey Low Kim Yew

Marine Fish

Photo credit: Fairy Tubeworm by Tan Heok Hui

Marine Insect

Photo credit: Ellobium scheepmakeri by Tan Siong Kiat


Photo credit: Dennis Murphy

phasmid  Phasmida
polyclad  Polyclad
 Sponge Porifera (Sponge)


Photo credit: Giant Termite by Dennis Murphy

Roach and Termite
 Hard Coral Scleractinia (Stony Coral) 


Photo credit: Phoroncidia lygeana f. by J. Koh



Photo credit: Chim Chee Kong



Last updated on 23 June 2023

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