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Singapore, a City in Nature

Singapore's Greening Journey

Today, Singapore is one of the greenest cities in the world. The lush urban greenery that we have is a result of sustained and dedicated efforts to green up Singapore over the past few decades.

At the start of Singapore’s greening journey, the aim was to green up the island as quickly as possible for the purpose of providing shade and access to green spaces for all.

The greening strategy then evolved to provide colour through the planting of flowering trees and shrubs. Parks were linked up by the Park Connector Network and developments were encouraged to incorporate skyrise greenery to help improve the living environment.

In more recent years, NParks has adopted biophilic designs in restoring habitats and has been engaging the community to sustain our greening efforts.

As a result of our efforts, NParks has safeguarded more than 7,800 hectares of green spaces – nature reserves, gardens, and parks, linked by some 360km of park connectors – across Singapore.

With challenges like climate change which bring about more extreme weather patterns and increasing urbanisation, we need to build a Singapore where residents will be able to enjoy a liveable, sustainable and climate resilient Singapore.

To do so, Singapore will be transformed into City in Nature. We will build upon what has been achieved and further restore nature into the urban environment. NParks’ City in Nature vision is also a key pillar of the Singapore Green Plan 2030 – a national movement to chart our course for sustainable development.

Find out more about what a City in Nature entails in the video below:


Transforming Singapore into a City in Nature

We have five key strategies to transform Singapore into a City in Nature:

1.       Extend Singapore’s natural capital

2.       Intensify nature in gardens and parks

3.       Restore nature into the urban landscape

4.       Strengthen connectivity between Singapore’s green spaces

5.       Enhance veterinary care and animal management

This will be underpinned by the support and involvement of the community.

1.       Extending Singapore’s natural capital

Singapore’s four nature reserves safeguard the country’s most important representative and core ecosystems. In recent years, NParks has been establishing networks of nature parks around these reserves to protect them against the impact of urbanisation.

These nature parks serve as buffers and complementary habitats for Singapore’s native flora and fauna to thrive, while enabling visitors to enjoy nature-based activities with minimal disturbance to the nature reserves.

NParks will continue to grow the Nature Park Network and we aim to have an additional 200 hectares of nature parks by 2030.

Find out more about the different shades of green that can be found in Singapore:


2.       Intensifying nature in gardens and parks

NParks will curate the landscapes in gardens and parks to make them more natural. This will enable visitors to benefit from the positive effects of nature on their health and well-being and appreciate a wider range of biodiversity near their homes.

For example, natural designs and planting will be incorporated in new and redeveloped parks and gardens. A wider variety of planting schemes will be incorporated, which will recreate the look and feel of Singapore’s natural forests and bring visitors closer to nature.

Singaporeans can look forward to more than 300 hectares of such gardens and parks by 2026.

NParks is also incorporating more therapeutic landscapes in gardens and parks. We have developed therapeutic gardens specially designed and programmed for seniors. Moving forward, NParks will develop more types of gardens to cater to diverse conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dementia, stroke, heart, and mood disorders.

There will be 30 therapeutic gardens across Singapore to meet different needs by 2030.

More nature playgardens will be built, so that children can play within a natural setting and connect closer with nature through play, exploration and learning.

NParks will also naturalise waterways and waterbodies in gardens and parks. Where possible, concrete canals will be transformed into naturalised rivers, while reservoirs will serve as naturalised lakes that catch and retain rainwater. Such nature-based solutions will enhance flood protection for nearby homes and properties, while supporting rich biodiversity.

This has been done successfully at Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park and Lakeside Garden at Jurong Lake Gardens. This nature-based solution will be incorporated in coastal and riverine parks to help build resilience against sea-level rise and inland flooding, where possible.

NParks will conserve more native plant and animal species as well. Singapore is home to a wide range of biodiversity despite being highly urbanised. Ongoing habitat restoration and species recovery efforts have enabled Singaporeans to encounter and enjoy once-rare species, such as the Singapore Kopsia and Tiger Orchid in the gardens, parks, and streetscapes. Birds and butterflies like the Oriental Pied Hornbill and Common Birdwing can now be seen around the city.

By 2030, NParks will implement species recovery plans for 100 species of plants and 60 species of animals, restore 30 hectares of forest, marine, and coastal habitats, and enhance habitats in at least 50% of Singapore’s gardens, parks, and streetscapes.

Find out more about the wildlife that call Singapore home:


3.       Restoring nature into the urban landscape

Nature will be restored into the built environment, and greenery will be brought closer to Singaporeans’ everyday lives.

To do so, a concerted effort will be made to intensify the greening of Singapore’s streetscapes through the implementation of multi-tiered planting to create a forest-like structure along our roads. This planting scheme, known as Nature Ways, will make Singapore’s streets cooler and more comfortable for pedestrians, and more resilient to the effects of urbanisation.

In the medium term, NParks aims to have 300km of Nature Ways by 2030. Over the long term, NParks aspires to make every road a Nature Way.

Learn more from our arborists (aka Tree Doctors) about how they care for the millions of trees and plants that line our roads and expressways!


At the same time, NParks will increase the implementation of skyrise greenery in Singapore’s buildings and infrastructure. Skyrise greenery, such as vertical green walls, green roofs, and rooftop gardens will cool the buildings and make them more comfortable to live, work and play in, while further softening their appearance.

NParks aims to have 200 hectares of skyrise greenery by 2030.

NParks will also focus on greening Singapore’s industrial estates, which are currently among the hotter areas in Singapore. This intensified greenery will cool the industrial estates, help to improve air quality, and beautify their surroundings.

NParks will plant more than 170,000 more trees in industrial estates by 2030.

Trees provide a range of benefits for our City in Nature such as helping to cool down our surroundings and regulate the climate. Find out more about the benefits of trees here:


4.       Strengthening connectivity between Singapore’s green spaces

To sustain a healthy natural ecosystem, NParks will strengthen the ecological connectivity between our green spaces. With this, the greenery in gardens, parks and along the roads will emulate the multi-tiered structure of the forest through Nature Ways. This will make Singapore’s streets cooler and more comfortable for pedestrians.

In tandem, NParks will continue to expand the Park Connector Network to ensure that more communities can access nature easily.

Singapore will have 500km of park connectors by 2030. With this, all households will be within a 10-minute walk from a park. 

5.       Enhancing veterinary care and animal management

Community animals play a vital role as our companions, and wildlife enrich the biodiversity of our urban ecosystem. Therefore, our well-being and health are inter-connected with the health and welfare of animals in our community. 

 The Animal and Veterinary Service works closely with partners in the veterinary and animal sectors to strengthen capacities and enhance competencies in animal health, animal welfare and management. This will enable us to safeguard public health, animal health and welfare; and conserve our biodiversity.

Growing our City in Nature together

NParks will continue to work closely with the community through several key programmes to nurture stewards of nature.

One such community-driven effort is the OneMillionTrees movement. NParks is partnering the community to plant one million additional trees throughout the island, including our streetscapes, gardens, parks and park connectors, nature reserves, and nature parks.

Beyond tree planting, there are also many other opportunities for you to get involved. You can play your part to conserve our natural heritage through the Community in Nature initiative or support our greening efforts through the Community in Bloom programme. You can also be involved in the design, development and management of our parks through the Friends of the Parks initiative. If you’re a youth who would like to play a role as a volunteer or steward of our natural heritage, you can do so through the Youth@SGNature initiative.

Together, we can make Singapore our City in Nature.

Last updated on 08 October 2021

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