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Illegal Wildlife Trade

The Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act Cap 92A (ESA) is the national legislation that effects CITES regulations in Singapore.

Under the ESA, a CITES permit issued by NParks is required to import, export, or re-export a CITES-listed species, and their parts and derivatives. Failure to comply is with this requirement may result in confiscation of the goods and enforcement actions may be taken against the importer/exporter/re-exporter.

It is also an offence to possess, sell, offer for sale, or publicly display any CITES species, as well as their parts and derivatives, if they have been imported without the necessary CITES permits.

NParks is empowered to take enforcement actions against anyone transporting CITES-listed specimens via Singapore without the relevant CITES permits.Our enforcement officers are authorised to exercise their powers under the ESA, and enter and search any premises without warrant, to seize any illegal wildlife. They can also investigate cases of CITES-listed species transiting Singapore.

Any individual or company violating the above laws face the following penalties.

  • A fine of up to S$50,000 per specimen (not exceeding S$500,000 in total); and/or
  • Imprisoned for up to two years.

In addition to the ESA, NParks also effects legislation that protects or regulates trade of live animals, and native fauna and plants. For more information, refer to our list of laws administered by NParks.

Last updated on 14 August 2019

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