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Singapore is home to a large variety of animal and plant species, which can be found in their natural habitats.  Be it dry land tropical rainforests, mangroves or coral ecosystems, there is a rich biodiversity to be found in our City in Nature.

We have recorded a total of more than 390 species of birds and at least 2,100 native vascular plants, of which more than 1,500 species are classified as extant in Singapore. Find out more about our Wildlife in Singapore and learn about the different Ecosystems that exist in Singapore. Learn more about the Red Lists which feature the national category of threat conservation status of each species.

Appreciate nature for what it is truly worth in our city landscape. Discover the many socio-economic benefits of Urban Biodiversity conservation and the associated policies that are in place to improve biodiversity in cities.

Join us in conserving and preserving Singapore’s natural heritage. Find out more about our Programmes and Initiatives, and how you can play your part in partnering us as we work towards achieving our conservation goals. Our National Plan for Conservation details our efforts in promoting biodiversity conservation in Singapore. Here, you can also find out more about the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and the National Biodiversity Centre (NBC), Singapore’s one-stop centre for information on indigenous plants and animals.

At NParks, we work closely with our regional and international counterparts to achieve our conservation goals. Find out more about the role we play in key biodiversity-related regional and international flora and fauna at Our International and Regional Links. Through these conferences, we foster strategic partnerships with global organisations to facilitate collaboration on the preservation of flora and fauna across national boundaries.

Learn how Singapore has contributed to global conservation efforts through the introduction of the Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity, a self-assessment tool that allows cities to benchmark their preservation of local flora and fauna based on 23 indicators that measure native biodiversity and governance and management of the local ecological system.

For aspiring researchers, our Resources and Research Permits section offers valuable resources on the country’s large collection of unique and interesting species.

To build capacity amongst developers and industry which handle Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports, we have developed a set of Biodiversity Impact Assessment (BIA) guidelines. The BIA guidelines provides reference for developers and industry professionals to understand the common requirements for the biodiversity component of an EIA.

We have developed a set of Bird-Safe Building guidelines aimed at reducing bird-building collisions to safeguard resident and migratory birds that pass through Singapore. The guidelines are based on successful examples from other cities, such as Chicago, San Francisco and Toronto; and are targeted at building managers, architects and developers to encourage them to incorporate biophilic design principles into both existing and new developments that will minimise the likelihood of birds colliding into their buildings.

Last updated on 15 September 2022

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