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Nature Areas & Nature Reserves

Singapore’s Nature Reserves are conserved under the Parks and Trees Act 2006. These reserves include:

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (163 hectares)

The reserve contains lowland and coastal hill dipterocarp forest. Examples of the tall seraya Shorea curtisii growing at this relatively low altitude are a sign of the coastal influence. About half of the reserve consists of primary forest, and half shows signs of significant past disturbance.

Central Catchment Nature Reserve (3,043 hectares)

The reserve contains scattered patches of primary lowland dipterocarp forest, tall secondary forest of varying quality depending on its age, maturity and tree species mix, and freshwater swamp forest. The surfaces of the reservoirs (MacRitchie, Upper Peirce, Lower Peirce, Upper Seletar) also constitute part of the nature reserve.

Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (131 hectares)

The reserve contains mangroves, mudflats, river, and disused fish and prawn ponds that are gradually reverting to more natural brackish wetland types.

Labrador Nature Reserve (10 hectares)

The reserve contains secondary coastal forest, much of which has grown up since the Second World War, but with some older elements. It is on steep sandstone slopes, at the seaward foot reaching to a rocky shore and shallow coral and rubble substrate.


Singapore’s 24 Nature Areas include the four Nature Reserves and 20 other areas that are subjected to administrative safeguards under the Parks and Waterbodies Plan (Special and Detailed Controls Plan). The 20 other areas are:

  • Beting Bronok and P. Unum
  • Bukit Batok NA
  • Bukit Timah NA (includes Dairy Farm NA)
  • Chestnut NA (Chestnut Linear Park & Chestnut Interim Green)
  • Jalan Gemala 
  • Kent Ridge Campus
  • Kent Ridge Park
  • Kranji Mangrove (Kranji Nature Park)
  • Kranji Reservoir Marshes
  • Mount Faber Park
  • Pasir Ris Nature Area
  • Pulau Tekong Mangrove
  • Pulau Ubin Nature Area
  • SAFTI Live-Firing Area
  • Sentosa Nature Area
  • Singapore Botanic Gardens Rainforest
  • Sisters' Islands Marine Nature Area
  • Sungei China (Lim Chu Kang)
  • Sungei China (Woodlands)
  • Telok Blangah Hill Park
Last updated on 06 September 2019

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