Support our conservation efforts in preserving Singapore’s mangrove forests. Mangroves in Singapore are under threat due to the pressures exerted on the habitat from urbanisation and human population growth. Today, less than five per cent of the original mangrove forests habitat in the early 1800s remains. The largest patch of mangrove area in mainland Singapore, found in Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, only covers an estimated total land area of 100 hectares. This marshland is under legal protection and is also recognised as a site of international importance for migratory birds.
We have several projects and programmes aimed at conserving and rehabilitating these mangrove areas in Singapore. One such project is the Coastal Protection and Restoration of Mangrove Biodiversity at Pulau Tekong. Our innovative approach here involves a combination of hard and soft engineering solutions to arrest the coastal erosion and restore the mangrove areas at the northeastern coastline of the island. Research collaborations with institutions are also regularly carried out to increase our existing knowledge and enable better protection over these vulnerable mangrove areas in Singapore. Past research topics include “Mangrove Insects as Indicators of Habitat Quality”, “Mangrove Propagule Dispersal in Singapore’s Waters and the Broader Thai-Malay Peninsula”, “Integrated Risk Assessment of Chemical Contaminants in Mangrove Ecosystems” and “Impacts of Marine Navigation on Mangroves in Coastal Waters of Singapore”.
Mangrove forests are possibly the world’s most productive type of wetland, providing food, fibre and medicine to people from developing countries in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Mangroves also physically protect coastlines by breaking the sea waves during storm surges and help shield seagrass beds and coral reefs from the effects of siltation. In addition, the mangrove ecosystem is a source of food and a nursery ground for a number of fish species that are important to local fisheries.
Aerial shot of the dense mangrove forest in Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve
Coastal Protection and Restoration of Mangrove Biodiversity at Pulau Tekong