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Freshwater Fish

List of freshwater fish species present in Singapore

 

NO

SCIENTIFIC NAME

COMMON NAME

STATUS

Class Osteichthyes (Bony fishes)

Order Myliobatiformes | Family Potamotrygonidae

1

Potamotrygon motoro

Motoro stingray

Introduced

Order Osteoglossiformes (Bony-tongues and relatives) | Family Notopteridae (Old World knife-fishes)

2

Chitala ornata

Clown Featherback

Introduced

3

Notopterus notopterus

Bronze Featherback

Introduced

Family Osteoglossidae (Bony-tongued fishes)

4

Scleropages formosus

Asian Arowana

Introduced

Order Cypriniformes (Carps and relatives) | Family Cobitidae (Spined loaches)

5

Pangio muraeniformis

Spotted Eel-loach

Native

Family Cyprinidae (Carps and relatives)

6

Amblypharyngodon chulabhornae

Princess Glass-Minnow

Introduced

7

Barbodes banksi

Saddle Bard

Native

8

Barbodes lateristriga

Spanner Barb

Native

9

Barbodes rhombeus

Indochinese Spotted Barb

Introduced

10

Barbodes semifasciolatus

Green Barb

Introduced

11

Barbonymus schwanenfeldii

Stripe-tailed Tinfoil Barb

Introduced

12

Brachydanio albolineata

Pearl Danio

Introduced

13

Brachydanio rerio

Zebra Danio

Introduced

14

Boraras maculatus

Pygmy Rasbora

Native

15

Cyclocheilichthys apogon

Barbel-less Chemperas

Native

16

Cyprimus carpio

Carp

Introduced

17

Desmopuntius hexazona

Six-banded Barb

Native

18

Esomus metallicus

Siamese Flying Barb

Introduced

19

Hampala macrolepidota

Sebarau

Introduced

20

Metzia lineata

Chinese Striped Minnow

Introduced*

21

Osteochilus hasselti

Hasselt's Bony-lipped Barb

Introduced

22

Puntigrus partipentazona

Malayan Tiger Barb

Introduced

23

Puntius sophore

Spotfin Swamp Barb

Introduced

24

Rasbora borapetensis

Red-tailed Rasbora

Introduced

25

Rasbora einthovenii

Einthoven's Rasbora

Native

26

Rasbora elegans

Two-spot Rasbora

Native

27

Rasbora trilineata

Scissorstail Rasbora

Introduced

28

Trigonostigma heteromorpha

Harlequin Rasbora

Native

Family Nemacheilidae (Spineless loaches)

29

Nemacheilus selangoricus

Malayan Grey-banded Loach

Native

Order Siluriformes (Catfishes) | Family Akysidae (Warty catfishes)

30

Parakysis longirostris

Singapore Little Warty Catfish

Native

Family Bagridae (Old World river catfishes)

31

Mystus gulio

Estuarine Mystus

Native

32

Mystus wolffii

Wolff's Mystus

Native

33

Pseudomystus leiacanthus

Dwarf Bumblebee Catfish

Native

Family Clariidae (Walking catfishes)

34

Clarias cf. batrachus

Common Walking Catfish

Native

35

Clarias gariepinus

Sharp-toothed Walking Catfish

Introduced

36

Clarias leiacanthus

Forest Walking Catfish

Native

37

Clarias nieuhofii

Slender Walking Catfish

Native

Family Loricariidae (Armoured sucking catfishes)

38

Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus

Vermiculated Sailfin Sucker Catfish

Introduced

39

Pterygoplichthys pardalis

Spotted Sailfin Sucker Catfish

Introduced

Family Siluridae (Sillurid catfishes)

40

Silurichthys hasseltii

Hasselt's Leaf Catfish

Native

Family Sisoridae (Sisorid catfishes)

Order Gobiiformes | Family Eleotrididae (Gudgeons)

41

Oxyeleotris marmorata

Marbled Gudgeon

Introduced

Family Gobionellidae (Gobies)

42

Brachygobius sabanus

Lesser Bumblebee Goby

Introduced

43

Gobiopterus brachypterus

Greater Glass-goby

Native

44

Eugnathogobius siamensis

Siam Stream-goby

Native

45

Pseudogobiopsis oligactis

Big-mouthed Stream-goby

Native

46

Rhinogobius giurinus

Oriental River-goby

Introduced

Order Synbranchiformes (Swamp-eels and relatives) | Family Synbranchidae (Swamp-eels)

47

Monopterus javnensis

Sunda Swamp-eel

Native

Family Mastacembelidae (Spiny-eels))

48

Macrognathus maculatus

Buff-backed Spiny-eel

Native

49

Macrognathus zebrinus

Zebra Spiny-eel

Introduced

Order Anabantiformes (Perches and relatives) | Family Ambassidae (Glass-perches)

Family Anabantidae (Climbing perches)

50

Anabas testudineus

Oriental Climbing Perch

Native

Family Channidae (Snakeheads)

51

Channa gachua

Dwarf Snakehead

Native

52

Channa lucius

Forest Snakehead

Native

53

Channa melasoma

Black Snakehead

Native

54

Channa micropeltes

Giant Snakehead/Toman

Introduced

55

Channa striata

Common Snakehead/Aruan

Native

Family Nandidae (Leaf-fishes)

56

Nandus nebulosus

Sunda Leaf-fish

Native

Family Osphronemidae (Gouramies and fighting-fishes)

57

Betta imbellis

Crescent Betta

Native

58

Betta pugnax

Malayan Forest Betta

Native

59

Luciocephalus pulcher

Brown Pikehead

Native

60

Osphronemus goramy

Giant Gouramy

Introduced

61

Trichopodus pectoralis

Snakeskin Gouramy

Introduced

62

Trichogaster trichopterus

Threespot Gouramy

Native

63

Trichopsis vittata

Croaking Gouramy

Native

Order Ovalentariae (Perches and relatives) | Family Ambassidae (Glass-perches)

64

Parambassis siamensis

Indochinese Glass-perchlet

Introduced

Order Cichliformes | Family Cichlidae (Cichlids)

65

Acarichthys heckelii

Threadfin Acara

Introduced

66

Amphilophus citrinellus

Midas Cichlid

Introduced

67

Cichla orinocensis

Orinoco Peacock Bass

Introduced

68

Cichlasoma hybrid

Flowerhorn Cichlid

Introduced

69

Cichlasoma urophthalmum

Mayan Cichlid

Introduced

70

Etroplus suratensis

Green Chromide

Introduced

71

Geophagus altifrons

Red-striped Eartheater

Introduced

72

Oreochromis mossambicus

Mozambique Tilapia

Introduced

73

Oreochromis niloticus

Nile Tilapia

Introduced

74

Parachromis managuensis

Jaguar Guapote

Introduced

75

Paraneetroplus melanurus

Quetzal Cichlid

Introduced

76

Satanoperca jurupari

Demon Eartheater

Introduced

77

Tilapia buttikoferi

Hornet Tilapia

Introduced

Order Beloniformes (Garfishes and halfbeaks) | Family Zenarchopteridae (Halfbeaks)

78

Dermogenys collettei

Sunda Pygmy Halfbeak

Native

79

Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus

Malayan Forest Halfbeak

Native

Order Cyprinodontiformes (Toothcarps) | Family Aplocheilidae (Rivulines)

80

Aplocheilus lineatus

Banded Panchax

Introduced

81

Aplocheilus panchax

Whitespot

Native

Family Poeciliidae (Live-bearing toothcarps)

82

Gambusia affinis

Mosquitofish

Introduced

83

Poecilia reticulata

Guppy

Introduced

84

Poecilia sphenops

Green Molly

Introduced

85

Xiphophorus maculatus

Southern Platy

Introduced

*The Striped Chinese Minnow (Rasborinus lineatus) was until recently thought to be endemic to Singapore. It is now believed to be a feral species originating from China, probably introduced in the late 1800s or early 1900s.

 

Reference

NSS Vertebrate Study Group. (2014). A Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Singapore.

Last updated on 12 September 2018

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