For all notifications, please visit our noticeboard.
Button to close the announcement bar

Terrestrial and Marine Mammals

 

The following table lists the species in this taxon assessed under the Singapore Red List, which is intended to be published in the third edition of the Singapore Red Data Book in future.

You may find information regarding the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses. The IUCN conservation status is assessed globally while the RDB2 and RDB3 conservation statuses are assessed locally.

The information below is accurate as at the time of the listing on-line for the taxon.

 

Checklist of mammals from Singapore

No. Order Family Genus Species Common name Origin Global IUCN status RDB2 status RDB3 status
1 Dermoptera Cynocephalidae Galeopterus variegatus Sunda Colugo Native LC Not Listed NT
2 Pholidota Manidae Manis javanica Sunda Pangolin Native CR CR CR
3 Rodentia Sciuridae Callosciurus notatus Plantain Squirrel Native LC Not Listed LC
4 Rodentia Sciuridae Callosciurus finlaysonii Variable Squirrel Introduced LC Not Listed Not Applicable
5 Rodentia Sciuridae Hylopetes spadiceus Red-cheeked Flying Squirrel Native LC CR CR
6 Rodentia Sciuridae Iomys horsfieldii Horsfield’s Flying Squirrel Native LC Not Listed EN
7 Rodentia Sciuridae Lariscus insignis Three-striped Ground Squirrel Native LC Not Listed NEx
8 Rodentia Sciuridae Petaurista petaurista Red Giant Flying Squirrel Native LC CR CR
9 Rodentia Sciuridae Ratufa affinis Cream-coloured Giant Squirrel Native NT CR NEx
10 Rodentia Sciuridae Rhinosciurus laticaudatus Shrew-faced Ground Squirrel Native NT CR CR
11 Rodentia Sciuridae Sundasciurus tenuis Slender Squirrel Native LC Not Listed LC
12 Rodentia Muridae Maxomys rajah Brown Spiny Rat Native VU EN EN
13 Rodentia Muridae Maxomys surifer Red Spiny Rat Native LC Not Listed NEx
14 Rodentia Muridae Mus musculus Asian House Mouse Native LC Not Listed LC
15 Rodentia Muridae Rattus exulans Pacific Rat Native LC Not Listed LC
16 Rodentia Muridae Rattus norvegicus Brown Rat Introduced LC Not Listed Not Applicable
17 Rodentia Muridae Rattus tanezumi Asian House Rat Native LC Not Listed LC
18 Rodentia Muridae Rattus tiomanicus Malaysian Wood Rat Native LC Not Listed LC
19 Rodentia Muridae Sundamys annandalei Annandale’s Rat Native Not Listed Not Listed LC
20 Rodentia Hystricidae Hystrix brachyura Malayan Porcupine Native LC CR CR
21 Carnivora Felidae Panthera pardus Leopard Native VU Not Listed NEx
22 Carnivora Felidae Panthera tigris Tiger Native EN Not Listed NEx
23 Carnivora Felidae Prionailurus bengalensis Leopard Cat Native LC CR CR
24 Carnivora Viverridae Arctogalidia trivirgata Small-toothed Palm Civet Native LC CR CR
25 Carnivora Viverridae Paguma larvata Masked Palm Civet Native LC CR CR
26 Carnivora Viverridae Paradoxurus musangus Sumatran Palm Civet Native LC Not Listed LC
27 Carnivora Viverridae Viverra tangalunga Malay Civet Native LC Not Listed CR
28 Carnivora Viverridae Viverra zibetha Large Indian Civet Native LC CR CR
29 Carnivora Mustelidae Aonyx cinereus Oriental Small-clawed Otter Native VU CR CR
30 Carnivora Mustelidae Lutra sumatrana Hairy-nosed Otter Native EN Not Listed NEx
31 Carnivora Mustelidae Lutrogale perspicillata Smooth Otter Native VU CR EN
32 Artiodactyla Suidae Sus scrofa Eurasian Wild Boar Native LC Not Listed LC
33 Artiodactyla Tragulidae Tragulus kanchil Lesser Mousedeer Native LC CR EN
34 Artiodactyla Tragulidae Tragulus napu Greater Mousedeer Native LC Not Listed CR
35 Artiodactyla Cervidae Muntiacus muntjak Red Muntjac Native LC Not Listed CR
36 Artiodactyla Cervidae Rusa unicolor Sambar Deer Origin Uncertain VU Not Listed Not Applicable
37 Primates Lorisidae Nycticebus coucang Sunda Slow Loris Native EN CR EN
38 Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca fascicularis Long-tailed Macaque Native VU Not Listed LC
39 Primates Cercopithecidae Presbytis femoralis Raffles’ Banded Langur Native EN CR CR
40 Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus obscurus Dusky Langur Origin Uncertain EN Not Listed Not Applicable
41 Scandentia Tupaiidae Tupaia glis Common Treeshrew Native LC Not Listed LC
42 Soricomorpha Soricidae Crocidura malayana Malayan Shrew Native LC Not Listed DD
43 Soricomorpha Soricidae Suncus murinus House Shrew Native LC Not Listed LC
44 Chiroptera Pteropodidae Cynopterus brachyotis Lesser Short-nosed Fruit Bat Native LC Not Listed LC
45 Chiroptera Pteropodidae Eonycteris spelaea Cave Nectar Bat Native LC Not Listed VU
46 Chiroptera Pteropodidae Macroglossus minimus Lesser Long-tongued Nectar Bat Native LC VU VU
47 Chiroptera Pteropodidae Penthetor lucasi Dusky Fruit Bat Native LC EN CR
48 Chiroptera Pteropodidae Pteropus vampyrus Large Flying-Fox Native NT Not Listed CR
49 Chiroptera Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus refulgens Glossy Horseshoe Bat Native NA Not Listed LC
50 Chiroptera Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus morio Greater Woolly Horseshoe Bat Native LC CR CR
51 Chiroptera Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus stheno Lesser Brown Horseshoe Bat Native LC Not Listed CR
52 Chiroptera Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus trifoliatus Trefoil Horseshoe Bat Native NT CR EN
53 Chiroptera Hipposideridae Hipposideros bicolor Bicoloured Roundleaf Bat Native LC Not Listed EN
54 Chiroptera Hipposideridae Hipposideros cervinus Fawn Roundleaf Bat Native LC Not Listed CR
55 Chiroptera Hipposideridae Hipposideros cineraceus Ashy Roundleaf Bat Native LC Not Listed CR
56 Chiroptera Hipposideridae Hipposideros ridleyi Ridley’s Roundleaf Bat Native VU Not Listed CR
57 Chiroptera Megadermatidae Megaderma spasma Lesser False-Vampire Native LC CR EN
58 Chiroptera Emballonuridae Emballonura monticola Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat Native LC CR CR
59 Chiroptera Emballonuridae Saccolaimus saccolaimus Pouched Tomb Bat Native LC Not Listed LC
60 Chiroptera Emballonuridae Taphozous longimanus Long-winged Tomb Bat Native LC Not Listed CR
61 Chiroptera Emballonuridae Taphozous melanopogon Black-bearded Tomb Bat Native LC EN LC
62 Chiroptera Nycteridae Nycteris tragata Malayan Slit-faced Bat Native NT CR CR
63 Chiroptera Molossidae Chaerephon plicata Asian Wrinkle-lipped Bat Native LC Not Listed NEx
64 Chiroptera Molossidae Cheiromeles torquatus Naked Bat Native LC CR CR
65 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Hypsugo macrotis Big-eared Pipistrelle Native DD Not Listed CR
66 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Kerivoula hardwickii Hardwicke’s Woolly Bat Native LC Not Listed CR
67 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Murina suilla Lesser Tube-nosed Bat Native LC CR CR
68 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis horsfieldii Horsfield’s Myotis Native LC Not Listed LC
69 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis muricola Asian Whiskered Myotis Native LC Not Listed LC
70 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Pipistrellus javanicus Javan Pipistrelle Native LC Not Listed LC
71 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Pipistrellus stenopterus Narrow-winged Pipistrelle Native LC CR LC
72 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Scotophilus kuhlii Lesser Asian House Bat Native LC Not Listed LC
73 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Tylonycteris fulvida Lesser Bamboo Bat Native NA CR VU
74 Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Tylonycteris malayana Greater Bamboo Bat Native LC Not Listed VU
75 Perissodactyla Tapiridae Tapirus indicus Malayan Tapir Vagrant EN Not Listed Not Applicable
76 Proboscidea Elephantidae Elephas maximus Asian Elephant Vagrant EN Not Listed Not Applicable
77 Cetacea Delphinidae
Orcaella
brevirostris Irrawaddy Dolphin
  EN
Not Listed
CR
78 Cetacea Delphinidae  Pseudorca   crassidens Indo-Pacific False Killer Whale    NT  Not Listed  Not Evaluated 
79  Cetacea Delphinidae  Sousa   chinensis
Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin     VU EN  CR 
80  Cetacea Delphinidae  Tursiops   aduncus Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin     NT Not Listed  CR 
81  Cetacea Phocoenidae  Neophocaena   phocaenoides Finless Porpoise     VU CR  CR 
82  Cetacea Physeteridae  Physeter  macrocephalus Sperm Whale     EN Not Listed  Not Evaluated 
83  Sirenia  Dugongidae Dugong
 dugon Dugong    VU CR  CR 

 

The list of the Categories used in 3rd edition of the Red List is:

 

Category

Abbreviation

Criteria

Not Threatened

Least Concern

LC

Not approaching the above criteria

Near-Threatened

NT

Approaching but not yet reaching the threshold for the above criteria

Threatened

Vulnerable

VU

There are fewer than 1,000 mature individuals but more than 250 and there may or may not be any other evidence of decline, small range size of fragmentation.

Endangered

EN

There are fewer than 250 mature individuals and no other evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Critically Endangered

CR

There are fewer than 50 mature individuals, OR if more than 50 mature individuals but less than 250, with some evidence of decline or fragmentation.

Extirpation

&

Extinction

Presumed Nationally Extinct

NEx

The species is extinct (extirpated) within Singapore but it still survives outside Singapore.

Globally Extinct

EX

The species is extinct all over the world, both in the wild and in cultivation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Categories

Data Deficient

DD

Inadequate information to make an informed assessment

Not Applicable

NA

Species that are not eligible for assessment at the national level (mainly introduced taxa and vagrants)

Not Evaluated

 

NE

Species that are possibly eligible for assessment but have not yet been evaluated against the criteria

Not Listed

NL

Species not listed in the records (in the IUCN Global Red List database, or the first edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 1 and second edition Singapore Red Data Book - RDB 2) for whatever reason

 

Reference

Lee, B. P. Y.-H., & Teo., R. C. H. (2018). First record of the big-eared pipistrelle in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2018, 57-58.

Lim, K. K. P. & Leong, T. M. (2014). New record of the Horsfield’s large-footed myotis in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2014, 106-107. 

NParks. (2017). Factsheet on newly discovered and rediscovered species.

NSS Vertebrate Study Group. (2014). A Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Singapore.

Teo, R. C. H. (2018). First record of the long-winged tomb bat in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2018, 59-61.

Last updated on 24 September 2021

Share this page