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Mammal

 

List of mammal species present in Singapore


NO

SCIENTIFIC NAME

COMMON NAME

STATUS

Order Proboscidea | Family Elephantidae (Elephants)

1

Elephas maximus

Asian Elephant

Visitor

Order Sirenia (Sea cows) | Family Dugongidae (Dugongs)

2

Dugong dugon

Dugong

Native

Order Scandentia (Treeshrews) | Family Tupaiidae (Treeshrews)

3

Tupaia glis

Common Malayan Treeshrew

Native

Order Dermaptera (Flying lemurs or colugos) | Family Cynocephalidae (Colugos)

4

Galeopterus variegatus

Malayan Colugo

Native

Order Primates (Primates) | Family Loridae (Lorises)

5

Nycticebus coucang

Greater Slow Loris

Native

Family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)

6

Macaca fascicularis

Common Long-tailed Macaque

Native

7

Presbytis femoralis

Banded Surili/Banded Leaf Monkey

Native

Order Rodentia (Rodents) | Family Sciuridae (Squirrels)

8

Callosciurus finlaysonii

Variable Squirrel

Introduced

9

Callosciurus notatus

Plantain Squirrel

Native

10

Hylopetes spadiceus

Red-cheeked Flying Squirrel

Native

11

Iomys horsfieldii

Horsfield's Flying Squirrel

Native

12

Rhinosciurus laticaudatus       

Shrew-faced Ground Squirrel

Native

13

Sundasciurus tenuis

Slender Sunda Squirrel

Native

Family Muridae (Rats and mice)

14

Maxomys rajah

Rajah Spiny Rat

Native

15

Mus castaneus

Asian House Mouse

Native

16

Rattus annandalei

Annandale's Rat

Native

17

Rattus exulans

Polynesian Rat

Native

18

Rattus norvegicus

Brown Rat

Introduced

19

Rattus tanezumi

Oriental House Rat

Native

20

Rattus tiomanicus

Malaysian Wood Rat

Native

Family Hystricidae (Porcupine)

21

Hystrix brachyura

Malayan Porcupine

Native

Order Soricomorpha (Insectivora) | Family Soricidae (Shrews)

22

Crocidura malayana

Malayan Shrew

Native

23

Suncus murinus

Asian House Shrew

Introduced

Order Chiroptera (Bats) | Family Pteropodidae (Old World fruit bats)

24

Cynopterus brachyotis

Lesser Short-nosed Fruit Bat

Native

25

Eonycteris spelaea

Cave Nectar Bat

Native

26

Macroglossus minimus

Dangger-toothed Long-nosed Fruit Bat

Native

27

Penthetor lucasi

Dusky Fruit Bat

Native

28

Pteropus vampyrus

Large Flying Fox

Visitors

Family Rhinolophidae (Horseshoe bats)

29

Rhinolophus lepidus

Glossy Horseshoe Bat

Native

30

Rhinolophus luctus

Woolly Horseshoe Bat

Native

31

Rhinolophus trifoliatus

Trefoil Horseshoe Bat

Native

Family Hipposideridae (Leaf-nosed bats)

32

Hipposideros bicolor

Bicoloured Leaf-nosed Bat

Native

33

Hipposideros cineraceus

Ashy Roundleaf Bat

Native

Family Megadermatidae (False vampires)

34

Megaderma spasma

Malayan False Vampire

Native

Family Emballonuridae (Sheath-tailed bats)

35

Emballonura monticola

Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat

Native

36

Saccolaimus saccolaimus

Naked-rumped Pouched Bat

Native

37

Taphozous melanopogon

Black-bearded Tomb Bat

Native

38

Taphozous longimanus

Long-winged Tomb Bat

Native

Family Nycteridae (Hollow-faced bats)

39

Nycteris tragata

Malaysian Slit-faced Bat

Native

Family Molossidae (Free-tailed bats)

40

Cheiromeles torquatus

Greater Naked Bat

Native

Family Vespertilionidae (Evening bats)

41

Hypsugo macrotis

Big-eared Pipistrelle

Native

42

Kerivoula hardwickii

Hardwicke's Woolly Bat

Native

43

Murina suilla

Brown Tube-nosed Bat

Native

44

Myotis 'adversus'

Large-footed Myotis

Native

45

Myotis horsfieldii

Horsfield's Bat

Native

46

Myotis muricola

Whiskered Myotis

Native

47

Pipistrellus javanicus

Javan Pipistrelle

Native

48

Pipistrellus stenopterus

Narrow-winged Pipistrelle

Native

49

Scotophilus kuhlii

Asiatic Lesser Yellow House Bat

Native

50

Tylonycteris pachypus

Lesser Bamboo Bat

Native

51

Tylonycteris robustula

Greater Bamboo Bat

Native

Order Pholidota (Pangolins) | Family Manidae (Pangolins)

52

Manis javanica

Sunda Pangolin

Native

Order Carnivora (Carnivores) | Family Felidae

53

Prionailurus bengalensis

Leopard Cat

Native

Family Viverridae (Civets)

54

Arctogalidia trivirgata

Three-striped Palm Civet

Native

55

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

Common Palm Civet

Native

56

Viverra tangalunga

Malaysian Civet

Native

57

Viverra zibetha

Large Indian Civet

Native

Family Mustelidae (Weasels and relatives)

58

Aonyx cinerea

Oriental Small-clawed Otter

Native

59

Lutrogale perspicillata

Smooth Otter

Native

Order Perissodactyla | Family Tapiridae (Tapirs)

60

Tapirus indicus indicus

Malayan Tapir

Visitor

Order Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates) | Family Suidae (Pigs)

61

Sus scrofa

Wild Pig

Native

Family Tragulidae (Mouse-deer, chevrotains)

62

Tragulus kanchil

Lesser Mousedeer

Native

63

Tragulus napu

Greater Mousedeer

Native

Family Cervidae (Deer)

64

Rasa unicolor

Sambar

Introduced*

Order Cetacea (Cetaceans) | Family Phocoenidae (Porpoises)

65

Neophocaena phocaenoides

Finless Porpoise

Native

Family Delphinidae (Marine dolphins)

66

Orcaella brevirostris

Irrawaddy Dolphin

Native

67

Pseudorca crassidens

False Killer Whale

Visitors

68

Sousa chinensis

Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin

Native

69

Tursiops aduncus

Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin

Native

*Sambar were once extirpated in Singapore; recent populations are likely to be individuals escaped from captivity.

 

Reference

Lee, B. P. Y.-H., & Teo., R. C. H. (2018). First record of the big-eared pipistrelle in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2018, 57-58.

Lim, K. K. P. & Leong, T. M. (2014). New record of the Horsfield’s large-footed myotis in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2014, 106-107. 

NParks. (2017). Factsheet on newly discovered and rediscovered species.

NSS Vertebrate Study Group. (2014). A Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes, Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Singapore.

Teo, R. C. H. (2018). First record of the long-winged tomb bat in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2018, 59-61.

Last updated on 10 April 2019

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